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How did Romans address their children, their parents, their slaves, and their patrons? When one Roman called another "dearest," "master," "brother," "human being," "executioner," or "soft little cheese," what did these terms really mean and why? This book brings to bear on such questions a corpus of 15, addresses spanning four centuries, drawn from literary prose, poetr How did Romans address their children, their parents, their slaves, and their patrons?
This book brings to bear on such questions a corpus of 15, addresses spanning four centuries, drawn from literary prose, poetry, letters, inscriptions, ostraca, and papyri and analyzed using recent work in sociolinguistics. Including a glossary of the most common addresses and quick-reference tables explaining the rules of usage, this original and highly readable work will be enjoyed even by those with no prior knowledge of Latin.
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Showing Rating details. Chiara Fedriani. Speech Act theory is discussed more explicitly in this chapter than the others in this section, and the examples are divided into three types of question: referential, directive and expressive. The secondary values of these PMs exasperation, urgency or impatience; as a floor-yielding device; involvement or surprise; with negative reactions or echo-questions occur sometimes in the first and usually in the third type of question, where they are related to personal stance, but in directive questions they function as with imperatives as politeness markers.
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Chapter 6: Constituent order in directives with stative verbs in Latin. Monovalent and bivalent structures are analysed by speech act subtype. Consideration is given to lexicalised expressions and they are justifiably included in the analysis. The effect of focal quality on constituent order is also considered. Cabrillana concludes that the type of speech act is relevant for constituent order, as well as modality.
In bivalent structures, modality affects word order less than in monovalent structures.
Chapter 7: The right periphery in Ancient Greek. Emilia Ruiz Yamuza. The types of syntactic structures which appear in this position, and the functions of the RP elements in the information structure, text structure, and the interaction between speaker and hearer are discussed.
The table on p shows the different structures that are used for the RP element when it has different functions. Esperanza Torrego. These two chapters discuss the word order of the RGDA. As they point out, most previous studies of both Greek and Latin word order are based on literary texts Dik for Greek and Panhuis and Spevak for Latin are the main studies used for comparison , so these studies are useful for comparisons between literary and non-literary texts. Furthermore, the comparison of versions of the same text in different languages can provide evidence for differences in word order.
There are also cases where there is no pragmatic motivation for the difference, but the difference appears to be the result of differences in the basic word order pattern of each language.
The political motivations for particular pragmatic interpretations by Greek speakers are given consideration. These two chapters together make an excellent case for the usefulness of research into word order in non-literary texts, as well as those outside the Classical period: at several points, the author stresses that firm conclusions about the reasons for deviation from the standard pattern in Greek cannot be made since there is not yet enough evidence for word order in non-literary texts or post-Classical Greek, while this work is starting to fill that gap.
Liana Tronci. While the conclusions about the pragmatic functions of the particles follow the previous studies, this chapter makes a good case for the value of investigating the combinations of formal features with which particles appear as an explanatory tool for their pragmatic functions. Chapter Polar questions in Latin with and without the enclitic particle —ne. Josine Schrickx. It is also more frequent in Plautus and Terence than any other author, and consequently these make up the corpus for the rest of the chapter.
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Chapter Ancient Greek adversative particles in contrast. Rutger J. Allan discusses under this framework in turn, and summarises the different adversative functions in a table on p. In the conclusion, this is convincingly used to argue for the explanatory power of a polysemy approach. The main strength of this volume is the stimulus it provides for future research.
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A number of chapters explicitly identify large existing gaps in scholarship for example, Chapter 9 on non-literary, post-classical Greek word order , and even more suggest further areas for research in their conclusions. Most of the data on which the analysis is based are presented fully, but at times the arguments would be clearer if the tables were presented earlier in the chapter, not just in the conclusion; at other times claims are made about, for example, a word being more or less common with a particular enclitic, but the numbers are not provided to back this up or to show how strong this inclination is , although the author presumably had them available, and such vagueness has a tendency to undermine the points being made.
Some chapters cover the theoretical material much more thoroughly than others. Greek texts quoted are provided in the original alphabet along with an orthographic transliteration, and a table on pxvi. A foreword gives a brief summary of each chapter. Bibliography is provided at the end of each chapter, and there is both an index locorum and a general index at the end of the book. Nonetheless, this volume will be valuable for researchers of both languages, and Hellenists will be interested to read at least the more theoretical sections of the chapters on Latin, and vice versa. Further, the approaches in this volume could more generally be useful for research on other corpus languages, since similar problems of text types p apply to, for example, Coptic or Syriac.
Overall, this book provides useful insights for readers interested in the specific Latin and Greek phenomena which are discussed, and a stimulus for further research on the pragmatics of corpus languages. Glotta