The FDA regulates all claims associated with food products, including that found on the product label, website, or any other form of advertisement. There are four types of FDA-regulated claims that can be used on the labels of functional food products:. It is therefore important to understand what these claims mean in order to make informed decisions about a food.
Below are a few tips on how to evaluate claims about food products and determine if they are truthful and not misleading. A government-approved certifier must inspect the farm to ensure these standards are met. A product can only have the U. For example, organic sugar is still sugar.
Incorporating functional foods into the diet can be easily achieved with a little thought and planning, and does not have to be expensive. Including an abundance of plant foods as well as healthy protein and dairy foods in your diet is a sure way to increase your intake of functional foods. Consider these tips:. IFT Expert Report. Roberfroid MB. Concepts and strategy of functional food science: the European perspective. Am J Clin Nutr.
Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Congress: Asia
Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: functional foods. J Acad Nutr Diet. Functional foods: concept to product. Woodhead publishing limited; Jan 1. Functional Foods. International Food Information Council Foundation. July Tomato and lycopene supplementation and cardiovascular risk factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Processed and raw tomato consumption and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and dose—response meta-analysis. Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases. Novel concepts of broccoli sulforaphanes and disease: induction of phase II antioxidant and detoxification enzymes by enhanced-glucoraphanin broccoli.
Nutrition reviews. Bioactive compounds in brassicaceae vegetables with a role in the prevention of chronic diseases. Invited review: Fermented milk as antihypertensive functional food. Journal of dairy science. Yogurt and Cardiometabolic Diseases: A critical review of potential mechanisms. Advances in Nutrition.
What are functional foods? - Mayo Clinic
Kris-Etherton PM. Walnuts decrease risk of cardiovascular disease: a summary of efficacy and biologic mechanisms, 2. The Journal of nutrition.
Association of whole grain intake with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: a systematic review and dose—response meta-analysis from prospective cohort studies. European journal of clinical nutrition. Trending cardiovascular nutrition controversies. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Learn more about us or about our partners. Having website issues? Please use our website feedback form. Colorado State University Extension.
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Online Directory. Providing trusted, practical education to help you solve problems, develop skills and build a better future. Established Functional Foods for Health — 9. Feeding Honey Bees In Colorado — 5. Search Site. Foods defined as whole foods along with fortified, enriched, or enhanced foods that have a potentially beneficial effect on health when consumed as part of a varied diet on a regular basis at effective levels. Foods and food components that provide a health benefit beyond basic nutrition for the intended population.
Foods that by virtue of the presence of physiologically active food components provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. Foods that have been modified through enrichment, fortification, or agricultural, enzymatic, chemical, or technological means. Fortified foods are considered functional, as they have vitamins and minerals added to them in order to prevent diseases. Vitamin D is added to milk, as it helps with calcium absorption, which is vital in the prevention of rickets and osteoporosis.
Flour and cereals in the U. Some types of salt contain iodine, which prevents intellectual and developmental disabilities as well as enlarged thyroid glands. Many of these foods are the result of public health initiatives to prevent many diseases in populations that do not consume a nutrient-dense diet. Fruits and vegetables are considered functional foods, as they have specific compounds that have been shown to prevent and reduce diseases.
These compounds are known as phytonutrients and include lycopene, anthocyanin, beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, isothiocyanate and allicin. Red fruits, including tomatoes, pink grapefruits, watermelons, papayas and guavas, contain lycopene. Studies have shown that lycopene is associated with a reduction in prostate, lung and stomach cancer.
Red and purple fruits and vegetables or drinks based on them , such as grapes, red wine, grape juice, blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, cherries, eggplants, black plums, blood oranges and red cabbage, contain anthocyanin, which is linked to decreased blood pressure and a reduction in heart attacks. Orange fruits and vegetables, including carrots, mangoes, apricots, cantaloupes, pumpkin, butternut squash and sweet potatoes, contain beta-carotene, which prevents macular degeneration. Yellow fruits and vegetables, such as citrus, peaches, persimmons, papayas and nectarines, contain beta-cryptothanxin, which is linked with improved eyesight, growth and immune function.
Yellow and green fruits and vegetables, such as spinach, collard greens, mustard greens, yellow corn, green peas, avocado and honeydew melon, contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which are essential in the prevention of cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and heart disease. Green vegetables, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, bok choi and kale, contain isothiocyanate, which is liked with cancer reduction. White vegetables, including garlic, onions, celery, pears, endives and chives, contain allicin, which is shown to have antitumor effects.
Fermented foods are considered functional foods, as they contain probiotics, which are healthy bacteria that are beneficial for digestion and help with the symptoms of constipation and diarrhea. Probiotics can also help with immune function. Fermented foods include unpasteurized pickled vegetables, such as dill pickles, Kimchi and sauerkraut. If pickled vegetables are store bought, make sure they are not pasteurized as the process kills the probiotics.
Yogurt also contains probiotics, but it can be purchased pasteurized, as the probiotics are added after. Kombucha is another great source of probiotics.