Despite being raised in France, Gonne was well aware of events in her homeland and nurtured in her bosom the freedom of Ireland from British rule. She came to meet Yeats' father John Butler Yeats, the well-known painter and a member London Elite society, at his London house to know his opinion regarding the independence of Ireland. Romance developed between Yeats and Maud here at the very first sight. Yeats was immediately infatuated and had fallen madly in love with her.
Many males perhaps wanted to woo Maud and spent time with her but Yeats was a different kind of man in her life who wanted to hug her soul which is travelling in the world of spiritualism. Maud loved Yeats who proposed her five times but embraced rejection each time. Sujit Kusum Paul, a former student of the English Department of Chittagong University and now an expatriate living in Toronto, Canada, has neatly fabricated all such eventful chapters of W. Yeats' life in his first book 'Yeatser Kobitay Naree o Nikunjo' Women and Domain in Yeats' Poetry , possibly the first and a complete one on the topic published in Bengali language.
Time could never keep Yeats back, rather he moved parallel with the movement and rhythm of time. His idea of love got evolved gradually while running after Maud. As he had to move parallel, his idea of love also got changed with the passage of time. In his early poems, the importance of spiritualism is greater than sexual affair.
In the poem of his middle age, the traditional and destructive process of love is described but he did not want to see love as an eternal thing. In the poems written at the last stage of his life, he tried to find the perfection of love in the inseparable and continuous relation between body and mind. That was the final perception of Yeats regarding love. In an undivided breathing line, the readers would discover that following the departure of novelist Olivia Shakespeare from Yeats' life, a triangle of love was weaved where Maud Gonne formulated a spiritual union with the poet W B Yeats who loved Iseult Gonne, the daughter of Maud Gonne who wrote in a letter to Yeats, "I have prayed so hard to have all earthly desire taken from my love for you Thus the book 'Yeatser Kobitai Nari O Nikunjo' accommodates a series of events of love, romance, proposal, passionate union, rejection and platonic love in the life of Yeats.
Sujit, a member of International Yeats Society, has used his colourful touch to make them further lively before us. The readers will enjoy the meetings and writings between Rabindranath Tagore and W B Yeats During the first years of marriage, they experimented with automatic writing ; she contacted a variety of spirits and guides they called "Instructors" while in a trance.
The spirits communicated a complex and esoteric system of philosophy and history, which the couple developed into an exposition using geometrical shapes: phases, cones, and gyres. In , he wrote to his publisher T. Werner Laurie, admitting: "I dare say I delude myself in thinking this book my book of books". In December , Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature , "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation".
His reply to many of the letters of congratulations sent to him contained the words: "I consider that this honour has come to me less as an individual than as a representative of Irish literature, it is part of Europe's welcome to the Free State. Yeats used the occasion of his acceptance lecture at the Royal Academy of Sweden to present himself as a standard-bearer of Irish nationalism and Irish cultural independence.
Yeats women - Kildare Heritage Centre
As he remarked, "The theatres of Dublin were empty buildings hired by the English travelling companies, and we wanted Irish plays and Irish players. When we thought of these plays we thought of everything that was romantic and poetical because the nationalism we had called up—the nationalism every generation had called up in moments of discouragement—was romantic and poetical.
For the first time he had money, and he was able to repay not only his own debts but those of his father. By early , Yeats's health had stabilised, and he had completed most of the writing for A Vision dated , it actually appeared in January , when he almost immediately started rewriting it for a second version. He had been appointed to the first Irish Senate in , and was re-appointed for a second term in In response, Yeats delivered a series of speeches that attacked the "quixotically impressive" ambitions of the government and clergy, likening their campaign tactics to those of "medieval Spain.
This conviction has come to us through ancient philosophy and modern literature, and it seems to us a most sacrilegious thing to persuade two people who hate each other His language became more forceful; the Jesuit Father Peter Finlay was described by Yeats as a man of "monstrous discourtesy", and he lamented that "It is one of the glories of the Church in which I was born that we have put our Bishops in their place in discussions requiring legislation".
You will put a wedge in the midst of this nation". In , he chaired a coinage committee charged with selecting a set of designs for the first currency of the Irish Free State. Aware of the symbolic power latent in the imagery of a young state's currency, he sought a form that was "elegant, racy of the soil, and utterly unpolitical". Towards the end of his life—and especially after the Wall Street Crash of and Great Depression , which led some to question whether democracy could cope with deep economic difficulty—Yeats seems to have returned to his aristocratic sympathies. During the aftermath of the First World War, he became sceptical about the efficacy of democratic government, and anticipated political reconstruction in Europe through totalitarian rule.
At the age of 69 he was 'rejuvenated' by the Steinach operation which was performed on 6 April by Norman Haire. In a letter of , Yeats noted: "I find my present weakness made worse by the strange second puberty the operation has given me, the ferment that has come upon my imagination. If I write poetry it will be unlike anything I have done".
Attempts had been made at Roquebrune to dissuade the family from proceeding with the removal of the remains to Ireland due to the uncertainty of their identity. His body had earlier been exhumed and transferred to the ossuary. According to George, "His actual words were 'If I die, bury me up there [at Roquebrune] and then in a year's time when the newspapers have forgotten me, dig me up and plant me in Sligo'.
Neither Michael Yeats nor Sean MacBride, the Irish foreign minister who organised the ceremony, wanted to know the details of how the remains were collected, Ostrorog notes. He repeatedly urges caution and discretion and says the Irish ambassador in Paris should not be informed. The French Foreign Ministry authorized Ostrorog to secretly cover the cost of repatriation from his slush fund. Authorities were worried about the fact that the much-loved poet's remains were thrown into a communal grave, causing embarrassment for both Ireland and France.
Yeats is considered one of the key twentieth century English language poets. He was a Symbolist poet, using allusive imagery and symbolic structures throughout his career. He chose words and assembled them so that, in addition to a particular meaning, they suggest abstract thoughts that may seem more significant and resonant.
His use of symbols  is usually something physical that is both itself and a suggestion of other, perhaps immaterial, timeless qualities. Unlike other modernists who experimented with free verse , Yeats was a master of the traditional forms. Now that my ladder's gone I must lie down where all the ladders start In the foul rag and bone shop of the heart.
During , he stayed at Thoor Ballylee near Gort in County Galway where Yeats had his summer home since for the last time. Much of the remainder of his life was lived outside Ireland, although he did lease Riversdale house in the Dublin suburb of Rathfarnham in He wrote prolifically through his final years, and published poetry, plays, and prose. In , he attended the Abbey for the final time to see the premiere of his play Purgatory. His Autobiographies of William Butler Yeats was published that same year.
While Yeats's early poetry drew heavily on Irish myth and folklore , his later work was engaged with more contemporary issues, and his style underwent a dramatic transformation. His work can be divided into three general periods. The early poems are lushly pre-Raphaelite in tone, self-consciously ornate, and, at times, according to unsympathetic critics, stilted.
Yeats's middle period saw him abandon the pre-Raphaelite character of his early work  and attempt to turn himself into a Landor -style social ironist. Critics who admire his middle work might characterize it as supple and muscular in its rhythms and sometimes harshly modernist, while others find these poems barren and weak in imaginative power.
Yeats and Women
Yeats's later work found new imaginative inspiration in the mystical system he began to work out for himself under the influence of spiritualism. In many ways, this poetry is a return to the vision of his earlier work. The opposition between the worldly-minded man of the sword and the spiritually minded man of God, the theme of The Wanderings of Oisin , is reproduced in A Dialogue Between Self and Soul.
Some critics claim that Yeats spanned the transition from the nineteenth century into twentieth-century modernism in poetry much as Pablo Picasso did in painting while others question whether late Yeats has much in common with modernists of the Ezra Pound and T. Eliot variety.
W. B. Yeats
Modernists read the well-known poem " The Second Coming " as a dirge for the decline of European civilisation, but it also expresses Yeats's apocalyptic mystical theories and is shaped by the s. His most important collections of poetry started with The Green Helmet and Responsibilities In imagery, Yeats's poetry became sparer and more powerful as he grew older.
The Tower , The Winding Stair , and New Poems contained some of the most potent images in twentieth-century poetry. Yeats's mystical inclinations, informed by Hinduism, theosophical beliefs and the occult , provided much of the basis of his late poetry,  which some critics have judged as lacking in intellectual credibility.
The metaphysics of Yeats's late works must be read in relation to his system of esoteric fundamentals in A Vision Yeats is commemorated in Sligo town by a statue, created in by sculptor Rowan Gillespie. It was erected outside the Ulster Bank , at the corner of Stephen Street and Markievicz Road, on the 50th anniversary of the poet's death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Yeats disambiguation.
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Nobel Prize-winning Irish poet and playwright, co-founder of Abbey Theatre. Main article: Maud Gonne. Main article: Abbey Theatre.
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Main article: Georgie Hyde-Lees. Cast a cold Eye On Life, on Death. Horseman, pass by! See also: W. Yeats bibliography and Category:Works by W. Foster notes how Gonne was "notoriously unreliable on dates and places , p.
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Yeats Dead ". The New York Times , 30 January Retrieved on 21 May Yeats, Man and Poet. Palgrave Macmillan, Syracuse University Press. Retrieved 2 May — via Google Books. Gowran, its connection with the Butler Family". Retrieved 2 May Yeats, Autobiographies , p. London: Macmillan.
from A Woman Young and Old
Journal of Design History , Vol. Retrieved on 3 June Nineteenth-Century Literature , Vol. Department of English, University of Toronto, Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 27 May Columbia University , 7 October Retrieved on 15 July Auden" Archived 10 June at the Wayback Machine. The Complete Works of W. Auden: Prose, Vol. II, — , Retrieved on 26 May The Journal of American Folklore , Vol.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. But such dark images soon disappeared. Yeats again longed for his lost love, Maud Gonne. However he could not escape from the conflicts between body and soul, ideal and reality. Such a dilemma made him pay attention to Unity of Being, the harmonious union of body and soul, and create his persona, Crazy Jane.
Yeats's views of woman suffer many changes through his earlier, middle and later poems.