Data also provided by. Skip Navigation. Markets Pre-Markets U. Related Tags. While a computer is running, Vista scans the disc drive for changes and maintains a running index of its files. You can search this index from multiple locations within the GUI.
For example, rather than moving your mouse through a series of cascading windows in the Start menu, you can simply type in the program or file you're looking for. You can also create search folders -- saved searches that you can return to when you need to find particular files or folders. Adding metadata , or tags, to your files can make these searches more efficient.
When you search for a file, the computer examines filenames, tags and document contents to find relevant results. In addition to the GUI, Vista comes with several new applications. Different versions include different features, but here's a sample of what's new:. We'll look at these requirements and explore how Vista creates the 3-D desktop next.
While developing Windows Vista, Microsoft planned to incorporate a new file system called. Short for Windows Future System, stored data in a relational database. Rather than storing information in a series of folders and subfolders, would create indexes of a drive's data. In August , Microsoft announced that would not be part of Vista. The company instead added new search capabilities to its existing file structure. Although Microsoft has presented Vista as safer and more secure than previous versions of Windows, the new OS is not without controversy.
Critics have pointed out that many of its features, including search, Sidebar and preview pane functions, already exist in other operating systems, like Linux and Macintosh OS X. Beta testers have described the UAC password requirements as invasive and annoying. Some claim that the improved security that comes from changes to how applications interact with the kernel will be short-lived. Vista has also been accused of antitrust violations in several countries, particularly because of its integrated malware removal tools.
Other criticism is laptop-specific.
Aero's hardware requirements for 3-D rendering may drain laptop batteries more quickly than older versions of Windows. The sleep state may also drain laptop batteries when the laptops are not in use.
Vista hit the market for volume license buyers on November 30, , and it became available to the public on January 30, With the 3-D GUI and related hardware requirements, it has the potential to change how people shop for computers, especially when it comes to graphics hardware. Only time will tell whether the differences between Windows Vista and prior versions make it a more stable, secure OS or whether its most significant changes are cosmetic. Check out Microsoft's site for more detailed information about Windows Vista's features and costs.
See the links below for more information on computers, operating systems and related topics. A kernel is a small but integral piece of an operating system.
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It's usually the first piece to load into the computer's memory, and it stays there while the computer runs. Many other applications and devices rely on the kernel extensively, so problems with it can cause system-wide issues. How Windows 8 Works.
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