"Nixon and Europe," A Lecture with Luke Nichter - ecejyredagij.ml
Between February and July , President Nixon secretly recorded 3, hours of his phone calls and meetings across the executive offices. To date, about 3, hours of those tapes have been declassified, released and made available to the public. Neither the National Archives nor the Nixon Presidential Library have produced transcriptions or made the complete audio files available online.
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Instead, they have left this monumental task — which the archives once estimated took hours of staff time to transcribe one hour of tape — to individual researchers and scholars. In , Nichter started to digitize the tapes, a project that lasted nearly four years. He launched nixontapes. Luke A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Transatlantic relations between the United States and Europe tend to receive little attention. As NATO neared its twentieth anniversary in , it appeared imperiled.
Nichter shows how revitalizing the alliance became an early priority of Nixon. Richard Nixon in Europe argues that initiatives like the Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society helped shift the focus of NATO from collective defense to collective security, breathing new life into the body.
In particular, a deeper examination of whether Nixon explicitly viewed the unrest of as a negotiating point to advocate for greater transatlantic unity would have been useful. The presentation of meetings between Nixon and his closest economic advisors are invaluable to understanding the pressures facing the administration and the acrimony between the US and European allies resulting from the closing of the gold window. He demonstrates that domestic concerns overrode foreign policy priorities and economic judgment as Nixon focused on his reelection campaign. The use of the tapes provides excellent insight, but they are often introduced with minimal context as to the participants involved and issues under discussion.
Readers will need significant familiarity with the personalities around Nixon and the intricacies of the Bretton Woods system to get full utility from these chapters.
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The look at European domestic politics is valuable as it shows the complexity of balancing domestic and foreign concerns for both parties. However, Nichter could have provided greater context for how events external to the continent shaped transatlantic relations. While the focus and intent of the book is on US-European relations, it occasionally treats the relationship as existing in a vacuum.
The two chapters concerning the membership of the United Kingdom in the European Community have significant contemporary relevance. The echoes between the debates in the early s and the present-day make for interesting reading. In addition to the Nixon tapes, he draws on numerous foreign archives and personal accounts. The book is also extensively footnoted, making it an exceptional tool for future researchers to expand on his conclusions.
While the relatively narrow focus will limit its readership, Richard Nixon in Europe is an excellent reference for historians of transatlantic relations, the European Community, and macroeconomics in the twentieth century.
Richard Nixon and Europe: The Reshaping of the Postwar Atlantic World
It also adds greater nuance to the understanding of Nixon, showing both the boldness of his foreign policy and the deep insecurity of his character. The unique geographic focus of the book makes it a good read for those wanting to further investigate Nixon and his administration. Citation: Benjamin Griffin. Review of Nichter, Luke A.
H-War, H-Net Reviews. July, A Review from H-CivWar. This particular volume focuses upon how economic opportunity from the Civil War affected Union efforts and were known to fall more heavily upon disadvantaged members of American society at that mid 19th Century period than those who knew better circumstances.
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This pattern certainly highlights. A recent generation of historians have dismissed it as inaccurate, claiming that Union soldiers were highly ideological and that the poor did not bear the greater military burden. William Marvel disagrees. Using statistical data, Marvel constructs an economic study of Civil War soldiers and asserts that for most volunteers, economic condition was a, if not the, determining factor in enlistment motivation.
Scholarship on Civil War soldiers has flourished during the past thirty years. The most notable works attribute enlistment motivation to ideology, namely, duty, honor, and patriotism.
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