All weight loss products, even over-the-counter weight loss drugs, have stimulant effects on the central nervous system. Other frequently abused over-the-counter drugs include pain relievers often taken in excess when initial dosage is ineffective ; motion sickness pills which cause hallucinations when taken in extremely high doses ; and sexual performance enhancers to counteract the effects of alcohol on sexual performance. It is very unsafe to abuse over-the-counter drugs, or take them in quantities or for purposes other than those indicated.
Not to mention, abusing over-the-counter drugs can lead to severe legal and professional consequences, including arrests for inappropriate behavior, loss of drivers license and loss of job. For these reasons, it is important to check with medical professionals before taking over-the-counter drugs. Parents and family members should be on the lookout for the warning signs of over-the-counter drug abuse.
If you suspect that someone you care for is struggling with over-the-counter drug abuse, there is hope. Immediate intervention and treatment will prevent long-term health consequences. Addiction treatment for over-the-counter OTC drugs varies depending on the type of drug one has abused. Since most over-the-counter drugs are abused by teenagers , family involvement is essential to the treatment process. The first step in an effective treatment program is to assess the needs of the patient.
In addition to their physical addiction, behavioral, social, scholastic, familial and health factors should be taken into account when designing a treatment plan. Once a comprehensive, holistic addiction treatment plan is in place, patients usually begin the detox process. Withdrawal symptoms vary depending on the type, duration and severity of addiction to over-the-counter drugs and can be very difficult for patients to endure.
Medically monitored detox is recommended, especially since severe symptoms can occasionally be prevented or managed with medication. The next step in treatment is usually some form of behavioral therapy, which teaches patients how to cope with cravings, avoid situations that might trigger use and deal with potential relapses. It also addresses underlying issues, such as depression, anxiety, learning disabilities or multiple addictions. Once addiction treatment is complete, an aftercare program or follow-up plan should be established to prevent relapse.
While outpatient treatment is effective under some circumstances, inpatient treatment programs have higher success rates, because they remove the patient from the environment in which the problem started and provide a therapeutic setting where they can focus solely on recovery. Caron's inpatient treatment programs are equipped to handle addiction to over-the-counter drugs in all ages. PCP phencyclidine —also known as angel dust, ozone and rocket fuel—is a synthetic hallucinogenic drug known for its dissociative often negative psychological effects.
While PCP can evoke feelings of strength, invincibility and power, it is an extremely dangerous, and often addictive, drug. PCP is a white or colored powder that is typically sold in tablet or capsule form. Users abuse PCP by snorting, smoking or ingesting it. When smoked, users apply PCP powder to dried plant leaves such as mint, basil or marijuana. Depending on the amount ingested and route of administration, the effects of PCP can last for up to 6 hours.
In addition to feelings of supremacy and invincibility, PCP users experience dissociative states, or feelings of mental numbness and detachment. Many adverse psychological effects may also occur, including schizophrenia-like symptoms delusions, disordered thinking, hallucinations, paranoia, and anxiety and mood disturbances anxiety, panic attacks.
Severe effects include seizures, coma, violence, suicide or death. When PCP interacts with other drugs, especially depressants, it can lead to coma or respiratory distress. A variety of physical side effects occur while using PCP. In the short term, low to moderate doses cause a rise in blood pressure; an increase in breathing and pulse rate; shallow breathing; numbness of the extremities; loss of coordination; flushing; and profuse sweating.
When taken in higher doses, drops in blood pressure, respiration, and pulse rate; nausea and vomiting; rolling of the eyes; loss of balance; dizziness; and drooling may occur. PCP also can cause long-term, serious effects that may last up to a year after drug use. They include memory loss, depression, trouble thinking and speaking and weight loss.
Treatment for PCP addiction usually involves some form of cognitive-behavioral therapy, medical interventions such as medically supervised detoxification and addiction support groups. Aftercare or follow-up treatment is also vitally important to long-term recovery. PCP addiction can be quite difficult to overcome, particularly because the long-term effects it causes commonly lead to relapse.
Because of this, individuals suffering from PCP addiction are strongly encouraged to seek professional help. Prescription drugs are licensed medications or medicines that are regulated by government legislation. To legally obtain prescription drugs, patients must have a prescription also called an Rx or script. Any improper use of prescription drugs—including deviations from prescribed dosing or method of administration, sharing prescription drugs or taking prescription drugs without a script—is considered prescription drug abuse.
Prescription drug abuse poses serious health consequences. For starters, prescription drugs often involve side effects even when taken as directed. These side effects can become fatal when prescription drugs are abused in combination with alcohol or other drugs. Chronic prescription drug abuse causes physical dependence, tolerance and, eventually, addiction. Similar to the abuse of illicit drugs, withdrawal symptoms will develop if use is abruptly reduced or stopped. The most commonly abused prescription drugs can be broken down into three classes: opioids used to treat pain , central nervous system depressants used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders and stimulants used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy.
According to a report filed with the Center for Disease Control, prescription drug abuse reflects disease patterns by age group:. Only the illegal use of marijuana is more prevalent. Although prescription drug abuse is rising among all age groups, officials are especially concerned about prescription drug abuse among teenagers : One in 10 high school seniors has tried the painkiller Vicodin without a prescription, and one in 20 has taken the potent pill OxyContin.
Also, deaths related to overdoses of prescription drugs have soared in the past decade. The DEA Drug Enforcement Administration notes that about 7 million Americans are abusing prescription drugs, which is an 80 percent increase from 10 years ago. Treatment for prescription drug abuse and addiction must take into account the type of drug and the needs of the individual. The treatment of prescription drug dependence typically involves both behavioral and pharmacological interventions.
Usually, the first step in treating prescription drug dependence is to slowly decrease dosage and begin the detoxification process. However, since the withdrawal symptoms from prescription drugs can be quite severe especially when detoxing from central nervous system depressants , professional supervision is recommended.
Once the detoxification phase is complete, most treatment plans begin behavioral therapy, such as individual counseling, group counseling, family counseling, contingency management, community reinforcement, cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychotherapy. Most behavioral treatments teach patients strategies to deal with cravings, avoid triggers, function without drugs and cope with situations that could potentially trigger relapse. Pharmacotherapy is often delivered in conjunction with behavioral therapy. Several medications are available for treating prescription opioid addiction, in particular.
Nalextrone, for example, discourages use by preventing addictive drugs from activating pleasure receptors in the brain. Other drugs, such as methadone and buprenorphine, reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings. Currently, no pharmaceutical treatment exists for the treatment of prescription stimulants Adderall, Concerta, etc.
Comorbidities and other social, psychological and physical issues should be taken into account. Though the legality of prescription drugs may make them appear safer than illicit drugs, an addiction to prescription drugs is no less severe or difficult to overcome. Often, professional treatment is necessary to help individuals beat this powerful addiction. Spice is a generic term for a group of designer street drugs marketed under a variety of names including K2, Yucatan Fire, Moon Rocks, fake marijuana, Spice Silver, Spice Gold, Smoke, Fire and many others.
Usually, spice contains dried, shredded plant material and chemical additives meant to induce psychotropic or hallucinogenic effects. Similar to marijuana, spice is usually ingested by smoking, although it is sometimes mixed into food or drink. Individuals use spice for its mind-altering effects. While the nature of spice makes it difficult to accurately describe its effects, users typically experience variety of behavioral and perceptual alterations similar to those of marijuana. Negative side effects include rapid heart rate, agitation, confusion, vomiting and hallucinations.
Additionally, regular users may experience withdrawal symptoms, placing them at risk for addiction. Spice is a very dangerous designer street drug. Because it is produced in clandestine labs, its potency, contents and chemical makeup is often unknown. Because of this, its effects, side effects and dangers vary greatly from dose to dose. Because of the numerous risks associated with spice, the U. Drug Enforcement Administration DEA has banned several synthetic cannabinoids, and a number of states have instituted bans on the sale of spice and spice variants.
Treatment for spice addiction is similar to treatment for marijuana addiction. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, counseling and support groups may all be a part of an effective treatment program. Anabolic-androgenic steroids AAS are synthetically produced variations of the male sex hormone testosterone.
Steroids disrupt normal hormone production, causing changes in behavior and in many systems of the body. Doctors never prescribe anabolic steroids to young, healthy people to help them build muscles.
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Without a prescription from your physician, anabolic steroids are illegal. Abuse of anabolic steroids differs from the abuse of other illicit substances: initial abuse of anabolic steroids is not driven by the immediate pleasure or euphoria that motivates cocaine, heroin or marijuana use. Instead, users take steroids in order to change their physical appearances or athletic performances.
Because steroids can cause confidence and strength, abusers often overlook their serious and long-term consequences. Steroids can be taken orally, rubbed into the skin or injected. Typically, users take steroids in cycles—using for periods of weeks or months, stopping for a period of time, and then starting again. During this process, known as cycling, users often take a cocktail of several different types of steroids in an attempt to maximize their effects, a practice referred to as stacking.
Oral and injectable steroids are often mixed.
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Another type of steroid abuse, known as pyramiding, involves slowly increasing the amount of steroids taken until they peak mid-cycle and then tapering dosage as the cycle ends. Steroid abuse is dangerous. It can cause addiction and withdrawal upon cessation. Withdrawal symptoms include mood swings, insomnia and, most notably, severe depression which occasionally leads to suicide attempts.
Often, abusers turn to other drugs in an attempt to counteract these symptoms. Individuals who abuse steroids are urged to seek treatment before they cause lasting damage to their health and lives. In the short term, abuse of anabolic steroids can lead to aggression, extreme mood swings and manic-like symptoms that may lead to violence. Additionally, users may experience extreme irritability, delusions, intense anger roid rage , paranoid jealously and feelings of invincibility that may impair judgment. Longer-term abuse of steroids results in a variety of adverse side effects and serious often irreversible health problems such as liver damage, jaundice, fluid retention, high blood pressure, increased LDL bad cholesterol and decreased in HDL good cholesterol.
Abuse can also cause renal failure, severe acne, oily scalp, heart attacks, stroke, tendon rupture and trembling. Teens who abuse steroids risk stunted growth due to premature skeletal maturation. In addition to these general side effects, steroid use also causes gender and age-specific side effects:. There are several signs that a person has become addicted to steroids, including a preoccupation with getting the next dose; continued use in spite of negative consequences; loss of control when it comes to steroid use; abnormal speed of muscle growth; and withdrawal symptoms upon rapidly curtailed or discontinued use.
If you or someone you care for is struggling with steroid abuse, professional rehabilitation can help. Learn more. The first step in treating steroid addiction is to help the patient stop using steroids through detox. Detox should be closely monitored, as depression and suicidal thoughts may occur.
If left untreated, symptoms of depression can persist for a year or more after the patient stops using steroids. Other steroid withdrawal symptoms vary from patient to patient but can include headaches, muscle aches and insomnia. If withdrawal symptoms are particularly severe or prolonged, inpatient detox or hospitalization may be required.
Medications, such as antidepressants and analgesics for muscle and joint pain , can be administered to manage steroid withdrawal symptoms. Medications may also be used to restore hormonal balance and reduce cravings. It is important to note that related drug addictions commonly complicate steroid addiction. Steroid users experience pain and trouble sleeping, leading to self-medication with opioids or other drugs that develop additional addiction.
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In these cases, steroid treatment must simultaneously address comorbid addictions. Once steroid and other drug use is discontinued, the patient should undergo behavioral therapy. Behavioral therapy usually involves individual or group counseling, family counseling and anger management classes.
Many patients also find that support groups are helpful in encouraging abstinence. Immediately following successful steroid treatment, continuing care and monitoring systems should be established to prevent relapse. Because of the adverse side effects of quitting steroid abuse including increased risk of depression and suicide steroid addiction can be difficult to overcome without the help of trained medical professionals.
Thus, steroid addiction treatment should be completed in a rehab facility that can provide trained medical supervision and comprehensive care. Caron Treatment Centers is well equipped to restore steroid addicts to full health. For more information on our inpatient addiction rehab programs , please get in touch. Stimulant drugs are a class of psychoactive drug that provides temporary improvements in physical or mental functioning, thus elevating mood and increasing feelings of wellbeing, energy and alertness. Stimulants are often called uppers. Examples of stimulant drugs include cocaine, methamphetamines, amphetamines, nicotine and ecstasy.
Stimulants are widely used as both recreational and prescription drugs. A healthcare provider may prescribe a stimulant drug to treat narcolepsy, promote weight loss, or treat ADHD and clinical depression. Stimulants are abused in several ways, depending on type. Stimulant drugs can be swallowed in pill form, snorted as powder, injected with a needle or syringe or heated into crystal form and smoked. Injected or smoked stimulants reach the brain faster and therefore produce the most intense highs.
Snorting or swallowing stimulants produces a high that is less intense but longer lasting. Often, chronic stimulant abusers will try to compensate for diminishing highs by taking more and more stimulants in order experience the same initial pleasure. This can result in increased dependence and addiction. Stimulants can be fatal, especially when taken in large doses or when mixed with other substances. Overdosing on stimulants can lead to heart problems, strokes, convulsions and, if not treated immediately, death.
Breakthrough at Caron. Types of Drug Addiction Between illegal and over the counter drugs individuals can become addicted to a wide variety of substances. Navigate to. Types of Drug Addiction While some drugs are used for medicinal purposes, others are taken illegally for their narcotic or stimulant effects and can often become addictive. Drug addiction is a dangerous and potentially fatal disease. If the negative effects of drug addiction or abuse have impacted you or a loved one, take heart. At Caron, we can help you build a treatment program that meets your needs.
Find a Program. How are bath salt drugs different from bath salts? Effects of bath salts Because bath salts are relatively new recreational drugs, little is known about their precise chemical composition and long-term effects. Most bath salts drugs cause: agitation anxiety anger paranoia panic sweating chills faintness nausea blurred vision hallucinations high blood pressure increased pulse chest pain They may also cause suicidal feelings—sometimes several days after the drug has left the system.
The importance of educating teens on bath salts drug abuse. Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines, also known as benzos, are a class of prescription drug commonly called tranquilizers that depress the central nervous system CNS and reduce brain function. When properly prescribed and taken, benzos: treat anxiety and panic disorders relieve muscle spasms induce sleep produce sedation alleviate alcohol withdrawal prevent seizures What are the effects of benzos? In general, dosage determines the effects of benzodiazepines: Low doses produce sedation and are used to manage insomnia and anxiety. Information about the various treatments options people can consider for alcohol or other drug problems.
Read more on SA Health website. Switching people from one antidepressant to another is commonly needed but can cause drug withdrawal symptoms, drug interactions and relapse in depression Authors' conclusions: There is low evidence, at the present, supporting the clinical use of antidepressants for the treatment of depressed opioid addicts in treatment with opioid agonists. Read more on Cochrane Australasian Centre website.
The dangers of mixing drugs :: SA Health
Drug therapy for alcohol dependence should only be used in conjunction with a comprehensive treatment plan. Naltrexone and acamprosate have well established Persistent cigarette smokers usually have a nicotine addiction. This addiction has a chronic relapsing and sometimes remitting course and may persist Will training laypeople in the use of naloxone reduce accidental opioid overdose deaths? Authors' conclusions: The antidepressants bupropion and nortriptyline aid long-term smoking cessation. The management of bipolar disorder is not always a straightforward task. Often people do not take their medication as prescribed — they may either take a lower dose than prescribed or cease one or all medications entirely.
Read more on Black Dog Institute website. A large number of different treatments are available for depression and new treatments particularly medications regularly appear. People who misuse prescription drugs most commonly seek prescriptions for opioids and benzodiazepines. Healthdirect Australia is not responsible for the content and advertising on the external website you are now entering.
Drug addiction can be treated. There is a total of 5 error s on this form, details are below. Please enter your name Please enter your email Your email is invalid. Please check and try again Please enter recipient's email Recipient's email is invalid. Please check and try again Agree to Terms required. Ecstasy use, after declining considerably between and , from 9. It rose to 5.
Recreational drug use
Hallucinogen use among college students has remained at about 5 percent since , following an earlier period of decline. The use of narcotic drugs other than heroin, like Vicodin and OxyContin, peaked in , with 8. Past-year use of these dangerous drugs by college students has since declined to 5.
Use of synthetic marijuana, which used to be legally available and was sold over-the-counter in convenience stores and other shops, ranked fairly high in with past-year use at more than 7 percent of college students that year. Use has fallen sharply in the two years since, however, to just over 2 percent in secondary school students have shown a similar recent drop in their use of synthetic marijuana, according to the Monitoring the Future annual surveys of middle and high school students.
The use of salvia, an herb in the mint family, has fallen sharply since , when it was first added to the study, from 5. Other use of illicit drugs on the decline The use of some other illicit drugs by college students also has declined in the past decade, including crack cocaine, powder cocaine, tranquilizers and hallucinogens other than LSD which involves psilocybin, e. Another encouraging result is that a number of illicit drugs have been used in the prior 12 months by fewer than 1 percent of college students in In general, female college students who are now in the majority are less likely to use these drugs than are their male counterparts.
For example, 40 percent of college males used marijuana in the past year compared to 33 percent of college females. Also, 24 percent of males versus 16 percent of females used some illicit drug other than marijuana. Daily or near-daily use of marijuana was particularly concentrated among college males, with nearly 9 percent of them indicating marijuana use on 20 or more occasions in the prior 30 days, compared with only 3 percent of college females. In fact, more than a third 35 percent said they had consumed five or more drinks on at least one occasion during the two weeks just prior to the survey.