I can talk to anybody. At the heart of the work has been the regular and systematic education of workers wherever possible — from the field to the trucks on the way to work. One representative described how he chooses a clause in the Labour Code each week and then talks to his peers about this, gradually building their rights knowledge.
IUF facilitated country level training is delivered throughout the year which includes building the capacity of members to be updated on and participate in WBF activity.
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Twelve representatives from the African network will participate in the Third Conference to share their challenges and advances, and most importantly to communicate with and learn from other stakeholders. As a direct consequence FAWU began negotiating to end exceptionally long working days in the packhouses and secured earlier finishing times for workers. This project demonstrated that education is a fundamental factor in enabling change for workers on plantations. Whether that is enabling someone to know the role of a Health and Safety Committee or giving a woman the confidence to speak up for her right to work in a safe workplace free of sexual harassment and violence.
Whether it is building the skills of an elected representative to effectively handle grievances or building the capacity of a collective bargaining team. During evaluation visits over the last year to Cameroon and Ghana we have continued to see highly motivated and skilled representatives continuing to resolve grievances, successfully negotiate improved workplace conditions, and consistently educating their members. Sustaining and developing this education and training work further however, requires additional investment especially in our training of trainers; building the capacity of union officers and representatives to train others to deliver education at workplace level.
The most striking impact of the project though? Undoubtedly the work undertaken to enable women to organise themselves and to become more active decision makers in their union and in their workplace. Last month nearly 30 FAWU women representatives and members gathered to share their achievements as a result of education and empowerment.
They reported successfully negotiating a day off for breastfeeding2, for seperate dressing rooms and toilets, and for field workers to switch to safer tasks, and a small number are now being trained for promotion to Headwomen or undertaking new roles, including welding and engineering. Women are often typified as burden holders or victims of problems in the workplace.
However this project evidenced what women in the Latin American industry have been demonstrating for years; women can and should be the creators of solutions to improve and increase their employment opportunities in the industry. And it is quite extraordinary the difference that access to training and the opportunity to meet together regularly to learn and strategise can make to the lives of women workers. In the Gender Equity Meeting that proceeds the Third Conference we will be exploring the role that education and training plays in the workplace, including providing greater opportunities for women to be promoted to supervisory and skilled roles, helping in turn to bridge the gender pay gap.
This conference, we would urge all stakeholders to consider what part they can play in ensuring access to education at plantation level to empower women and men to secure Decent Work. Generating a climate of cooperation - Banana Trade News Bulletin. Dennis Amad, one of the village leaders, recounted that during the recent El Nino drought in , it would take 20 minutes to fill one gallon of water from the community water supply and sometimes, women and children had to walk further if the source dried up.
Health concerns caused by the drought compelled us to conduct an emergency medical mission which served indigenous Sibulan Tagabawa Bagobo community members including children. In addition to respiratory diseases, the medical mission also found malnutrition to be common amongst children and adults, including signs of stunting low height for age , an effect of long-term poor nutrition and long-term dehydration.
This situation of undernourishment unfortunately exemplifies the current state of small-scale farmers globally. Half of the people suffering from undernourishment live in small farms. Environmental changes as a result of extreme weather patterns further exacerbate their marginalization when factors such as pests and diseases, drought, typhoons and flooding can damage their crops. In addressing food security at the local, national, and global levels, building the resilience of small scale farmers in the face of climate change is paramount.
Organizing: A Step to Collective Resilience One of the first steps towards resilience for small-scale farmers in the Philippines, particularly for agrarian reform beneficiaries ARBs in Mindanao, is to organize themselves; failure to do so weakens their bargaining power which can lead to market exploitation. We are currently working with: indigenous Tagabawa Bagobo farmers in establishment of hectares of agroforestry farms in the upland Sibulan ancestral domain; 1, ARBs in Agusan in transforming 2, hectares of monocrop palm oil plantation into diversified agroforestry system of organic bananas, cacao, vegetables, and rice; and 2, coconut farmers with 3, hectares in organic conversion, value-addition and diversification.
In sum, FARMCOOP is providing services to over small-scale farmers with farm lands ranging from less than one hectare to less than three hectares. Impact of Climate Change The international banana industry continues to be a niche export market for thousands of small-scale farmers in Mindanao, Philippines yet their main source of livelihood has become increasingly at risk due to climate change. The droughts and typhoons within the last 20 years have severe impact on the farms, farmers, and future sustainability of small-scale farming. This weather pattern recurs every 2 to 7 years and over the past decades ENSO has become more extreme.
Typhoons and Floods La Nina has become wetter with rainfall more intense and typhoons more frequent and destructive. Three years later, a category 5 typhoon Pablo, one of the strongest recorded in history, hit Mindanao. An estimated 6. In Mindanao, the two most affected provinces are Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte which are the largest producers of export Cavendish banana and coconut. With Fusarium wilt being soil borne, the disease can be easily spread with the flood and cause further crop damage.
During the drought, organic banana farm production appear to be stable but production in 13 of 14 conventional banana farming cooperatives dropped. However, the sudden onset of heavy rains in the following months brought about red rust pests which made the organic bananas cosmetically unfit for the export market. Organic production dropped by an average of 25 percent for the next three months. Challenges in Organic, Diversification, and Soil and Water Management The increasing trend in extreme weather patterns affecting the Philippines has placed it under the Global Climate Risk Index list as one of five countries in the world most affected by climate change.
There is a critical need to reduce the vulnerability of marginalized farming communities by managing the risks posed by climate change. However scaling out these practices to be practical for small scale farmers faces major technical, financial, resource, and social challenges. This practice, coupled with deforestation and open-tillage conventional agriculture, has exposed land to soil erosion, resulting to poor fertility of soils. Local knowledge, cultural practices, and experience in effective organic approaches to revive soil health are scarce and not fully studied. Finding skilled scientists and technicians with years of empirical experience in successful organic farming in the Philippines continues to be a challenge.
Local weather data or early warning technology critical for farmers to plan are also lacking or non-existent. The cost of external organic concoctions, additional labour for pest and disease control, the high cost of organic certification, and the 3 year certification process—all posed financial barriers.
Furthermore, many of the farmers have long adopted conventional methods of applying pesticides and fertilizers for immediate results, making the lag time of slow-release organic fertilizer seemingly ineffective. In terms of soil and water management and agroforestry, for upland farms-- capacity building, community organizing, material, and labor costs to implement Sloping Agricultural Land Technology SALT and terracing can be prohibitive, especially when there are multi-farms and multi-stakeholders involved. For service NGOs such as FARMCOOP, conducting field trials to study the effect of compost, improve compost quality and compost recommendations on bananas are hampered by high cost of soil, microbial, and plant laboratory analyses.
Capacity Building and Application: There are variabilities in which prescribed organic practices i. These variabilities affect consistency and progress in organic farm production. Mitigations and Call for International Support With the aid of local in international support, over the years, FARMCOOP was able to develop: 1 a facility to create organic certified organic inputs; 2 establish vermi-compost sheds in pilot areas; 3 subsidized the organic certification of farms; and 4 expand its technical services to organic, value-addition, and crop diversification.
Soil and water conservation such as mulching and water catchments are being tested in pilot areas. We are also conducting community discussions on indigenous cultural practices in farming and seed storage to make organic practices culturally appropriate. Women village leaders are leading the seed saving technology transfer with 32 women trained who have provided indigenous seeds to neighbouring farm households. These can potentially have a significant impact on local food security and perhaps globally should these particular indigenous products find their way to the international market.
However the current efforts are overall insufficient to effectively counter the significant impact on livelihood and farm production inflicted by pest and diseases, typhoons, floods, and drought. Moreover, organic banana production is lagging considerably. In this light, we hope that more active collaboration with international institutions, researchers, non-profits, businesses, and networks in the industry such as World Banana Forum, EUROBAN, and others can assist us in our efforts.
Of urgent need are robust field applied research and transfer of information, technology, and skills in order to develop climate-resilient strategic approaches that can be practical for small scale farmers in the short and long-term. Since , as the export industry has grown, much bigger players are arriving in the region to establish large-scale organic plantations.
The workers organised a strike for their rights and some of them were sacked as a result.
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The consolidation of SITAG is a source of great satisfaction for those of us who have supported the union since the beginning. It demonstrates that solidarity and cooperation generates organisation and empowerment, bringing progress towards social justice and dignity for many of those who work in the banana farms of Peru. This process led to the signing on 15th August of a framework agreement between the associations and the union. The aim of this agreement is to strengthen the process of trust-building, mutual respect and social dialogue and develop win-win solutions.
We can therefore say that this is a good example of dialogue and negotiation with tangible results. Miranda helped establish and transform the relationship between Brazilian musicians and American producers that now has created several remarkable transnational collaborations To think of her is to think about the complexity of this relationship". Although she was more popular abroad than in Brazil at her death, Miranda contributed to Brazilian music and culture. She was accused of commercializing Brazilian music and dance, but Miranda can be credited with bringing its national music the samba to a global audience.
She introduced the baiana , with wide skirts and turbans, as a Brazilian showgirl at home and abroad. The baiana became a central feature of Carnival for women and men. Since her death, Miranda is remembered as an important Brazilian artist and one of the most influential in Hollywood. She was one of stars nominated for the American Film Institute 's 50 greatest screen legends. Marie Therese Dominguez, vice president of government relations and public policy for the postal service, said: "From this day forward, these colorful, vibrant images of our Latin music legends will travel on letters and packages to every single household in America.
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In this small way, we have created a lasting tribute to five extraordinary performers, and we are proud and honored to share their legacy with Americans everywhere through these beautiful stamps". The song describes the chaos that ensues when the singer's ghost appears on a space station. It was later the basis for a multi-author short story anthology edited by Don Sakers. At the Closing Ceremony of the Rio Summer Olympic Games, a few seconds' homage to Miranda is paid by the Olympics when an animated, projected image of the iconic Carmen Miranda image appears on the floor of the Maracana Stadium.
Bonita Flamingo, a character in the children's show Noddy , is a flamingo spoof of Miranda. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Brazilian actress and singer. For the Spanish volleyball player, see Carmen Miranda volleyball. This name uses Portuguese naming customs. The first or maternal family name is Miranda and the second or paternal family name is Cunha. Miranda in the New York Sunday News Marco de Canaveses , Portugal. Beverly Hills, California , U. David Alfred Sebastian m. Aurora Miranda sister Cecilia Miranda sister. Chegou a hora da fogueira. Shamrock Hotel program and menu featuring Miranda, 26 February Main article: Carmen Miranda filmography.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Film portal Music portal Biography portal Portugal portal Brazil portal. O Estado de S. Retrieved 9 June The New York Times. Retrieved 3 January Evening Independent. Retrieved 11 April Stereotype or Samba Pioneer? Captivating a country with her curves: Examining the importance of Carmen Miranda's iconography in creating national identities.
Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 21 November Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 April Tampa Bay Times. Jason Ankeny. Ana de Oliveira. Retrieved 13 January Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 March The Los Angeles Times.
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Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 3 February It's time for Brazil in Singapore. Singapore: Sun Media: Folha de S. Retrieved 23 May Connect Brazil. Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 15 July Directory of World Cinema: Brazil.
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Intellect Books. Duke University Press. Retrieved 26 February Directed by Helena Solberg. Deseret News. Reuter News Service. Retrieved 17 December Uol in Portuguese. Retrieved 26 November Terra Networks in Portuguese. Walter Aaron Clark.
Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 20 December Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 February Latin Post. University of New Hampshire. Retrieved 10 March New York Times. Patricia M. Alicia Outing. Barnard College. Aubrey Solomon. Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 7 March Peggy Simmonds. The Miami News. Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 23 August The Age. Earl Wilson. Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Toledo Blade. The Milwaukee Sentinel. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 4 April The Free Lance—Star.
Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 15 July Reading Eagle. Ludington Daily News. The Washington Post. London: telegraph. Retrieved 30 October The Guardian. O Globo. To Be or Not to Br Brazilian? Meade 27 March A Brief History of Brazil. American Film Institute. Retrieved 30 March Oba Oba. Library of Congress.
US Postal Service. Postage Stamps". The Wall Street Journal. Catalog - American Film Institute.
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Retrieved 22 May Mark Slobin. Internet Movie Database. Lorraine Leu. Retrieved 13 December Memoria Globo. Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 17 July Getty Images. Retrieved 4 July Order of Cultural Merit Brazil. Portela G. Vila Isabel G. Camisa Verde e Branco G. Carmen Miranda. Carmen Miranda Museum.
Category Quote. Categories : Carmen Miranda births deaths Portuguese emigrants to Brazil Musicians from Rio de Janeiro city Brazilian people of Portuguese descent Brazilian film actresses Brazilian female singers Brazilian contraltos Brazilian female dancers Brazilian stage actresses Brazilian television actresses Brazilian Roman Catholics Samba musicians World music musicians Brazilian expatriates in the United States RCA Records artists 20th Century Fox contract players 20th-century Brazilian singers 20th-century American actresses 20th-century women singers.