We know that, with time, the brain can change its structure and functioning. This is what we call brain or neuroplasticity Because of this brain plasticity, or neuroplasticity, we are able to improve our cognitive skills, and also restore or maintain them if our brain is affected by a brain trauma brain trauma, stroke or a neurological disease Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's , cognitive deterioration …. Brain plasticity allows us to create new brain connections and increase neural circuits, which ultimately improves their functionality.
If neuroscience and studying brain plasticity has shown us anything, it is that the more we use a neural circuit, the stronger it gets. The cognitive stimulation program from CogniFit works to explore our cognitive processes. Once we are able to understand each individual's cognitive state, we are offer them a personalized cognitive training program. Focusing on the most challenging tasks will ensure that we are creating and establishing new neural connections, which will get stronger and stronger the more that they are trained.
If we are able to reduce the stress in our lives, we may be able to improve our cognition, because reducing stress improves synaptic connections. Keeping a positive attitude makes us more creative when solving problems, and probably makes us more cognitively flexible. In the last few years, more and more studies have been looking at the effects of meditation on cognitive processes. It requires concentration and conscious attention, which as we said, are important for creating new functional circuits.
The study seems to support this idea, and meditation has been related to improvements in attention, memory, executive functions, processing speed, and general cognition. It doesn't need to be particularly intense activities. In fact, walking 45 minutes, 3 times a week seems to improve memory and reasoning executive functions , and practicing Tai-Chi improves mainly executive functioning. References: Shatil E Does combined cognitive training and physical activity training enhance cognitive abilities more than either alone?
A four-condition randomized controlled trial among healthy older adults. Aging Neurosci. The potential effects of meditation on age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Plasticity of brain networks in a randomized intervention trial of exercise training in older adults. Front Aging Neurosci. In a clinical setting, the CogniFit results when interpreted by a qualified healthcare provider , may be used as a screening aid to assist in determining whether or not a particular individual should be referred for further neuropsychological evaluation e.
CogniFit does not directly offer a medical diagnosis of any type. A diagnosis of ADHD, dyslexia, dementia, or similar disease can only be made by a qualified physician or psychologist considering a wide range of potential contributing factors. Consistent with this stated intended use, CogniFit assessments tools have no indication that are or should be considered a Medical Device by the FDA. The product may also be used for research purposes for any range of cognitive related assessments.
I'm a health professional.
I'm a parent. I'm an educator. I'm a researcher.
Cognitive Psychology: The Science of How We Think
This type of account is specially designed to help you evaluate and train your cognitive skills Please confirm that the use of cognitive training and assessment is for your patients. Send assessments and training programs to patients Send assessments and training programs to students Send assessments and training programs to your children or other family members.
Combines easily with approaches: e. For example, the use of the computer analogy means that information processing researchers focus mostly on the logical aspects of cognitive processing and less on the emotional, creative and social aspects that also affect thinking Cognitive psychology has often relied on comparisons with how computers work as a possible way the mind might work. Is this really how the brain works? The brain is infinitely more powerful and flexible than the most advanced computer.
Machine Reductionism Critical Evaluation. Skinner criticizes the cognitive approach as he believes that only external stimulus-response behavior should be studied as this can be scientifically measured. Therefore, mediation processes between stimulus and response do not exist as they cannot be seen and measured. Skinner continues to find problems with cognitive research methods, namely introspection as used by Wilhelm Wundt due to its subjective and unscientific nature. Humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers believes that the use of laboratory experiments by cognitive psychology have low ecological validity and create an artificial environment due to the control over variables.
Rogers emphasizes a more holistic approach to understanding behavior. The information processing paradigm of cognitive psychology views that minds in terms of a computer when processing information. However, although there are similarities between the human mind and the operations of a computer inputs and outputs, storage systems, the use of a central processor the computer analogy has been criticised by many.
Such machine reductionism simplicity ignores the influence of human emotion and motivation on the cognitive system and how this may affect our ability to process information. Behaviorism assumes that people are born a blank slate tabula rasa and are not born with cognitive functions like schemas , memory or perception. The cognitive approach does not always recognize physical re: biological psychology and environmental re: behaviorism factors in determining behavior. Cognitive psychology has influenced and integrated with many other approaches and areas of study to produce, for example, social learning theory , cognitive neuropsychology and artificial intelligence AI.
Another strength is that the research conducted in this area of psychology very often has application in the real world. The basis of CBT is to change the way the persons processes their thoughts to make them more rational or positive. Atkinson, R. Chapter: Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In Spence, K. The psychology of learning and motivation Volume 2. New York: Academic Press. Beck, A. Beck Anxiety Inventory Manual. San Antonio: Harcourt Brace and Company. Hollon, S.
Följ mig via RSS
Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Garfield Eds. New York: Wiley. In addition to the classroom lectures, there are video lectures in Canvas on research ethics and how to make a poster. The grading scheme for the poster will be announced at course start. Up to two students can create a poster together.
Language and Cognition
Work requirements are participation in the practical exercises 4 hours including being instructor for one experiment, and oral poster presentation. The date for the exam can be changed. The final date will be announced in the StudentWeb early in May and early in November.
The organized part of the teaching, such as lectures, laboratory work and seminars etc.
PSY-2553 Cognitive Psychology and dissemination of science - 10 ECTS
Moreover, an article collection of approximately pages will be provided at the start of the course. MENY Toggle navigation.
Sist endret: The course is provided by Faculty of Health Sciences.