Kuznetsov, E. Kolbova, Y. Shepilov, S. All Rights Reserved.
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Edited by:. Dayun Xu. Online since:. December Cited by. Related Articles. Paper Title Pages. Authors: Kai Gan. Abstract: The study on the decentralized control supply chain system is an important content of supply chain management SCM under the highly developed information technology environment. In order to enhance and improve the response speed and adaptability of changing market environment for the current supply chain planning system, this article used the theory of Multi-Agent system MAS operation mechanism in comparison with decentralized control supply chain system and others on the basis of the similarity and adaptability, then proposed a method of using the multi-agent system technology to solve the problem of the decentralized control supply chain production planning.
Through further analysis, the article gave different production planning framework model according competition-cooperation relationship under decentralized control supply chain system. Abstract: By analyzing the characteristics of foundry enterprises and the features of multi-agent theory, this paper applies this theory in the management of foundry enterprise.
A multi-agent model and a detailed multi-agent model of inventory management are constructed in this study.
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The KQML is adpoted to meet the requirements of communication between agents. Famous American economist, Hurwicz did groundbreaking research about the economic mechanisms theory in the last century. The issues he discussed are: for any economic or social objectives have given, under the decentralized decision-making conditions, for example, free choices, voluntary exchange, incomplete information, whether or how to design an economic mechanism, which can make the personal interests of economic actors in accordance with goals established by designers.
From the point of research paths and methods, in the study of traditional economics, the market mechanism has known by which can study what kind of configuration will be leaded. Mechanism design theory puts the social goals as known, trying to find economic mechanism that can achieve the stated social objectives.
Specifically, game theory can help solve the problem above. To meet the conditions of each participant constrained, the interaction of tactics chose by participants in the self-interested behavior can put configuration result as same as the expected objectives . This approach laid the theoretical foundation for the future management mechanism design theory. Mechanism design usually involves two issues: information efficiency and incentive compatibility. Information efficiency is the problem how much information needed to make sure economic mechanism can achieve the stated social objectives.
In other words, it is the cost of operation mechanism. Information efficiency demand the mechanism need less information about consumer, producer and other participants of economic activities and lower information cost . Incentive compatibility is a central concept put forward by Hurwitz in , which he defined as, at a given mechanism, truthfully report their private information is dominant strategy equilibrium of participants, this mechanism is incentive-compatible. In this case, even if each participant to develop personal goals in accordance with the principle of self-interest, the objective effect of the mechanism can be implemented to achieve the objectives to be achieved by the designer .
Hurwitz proposed a unified framework to analyze and compare various economic mechanisms in this paper, formally laid the foundation for mechanism design theory, and pointed out the most critical issue is how integrate private information and incentive problems, so as to point out the future development direction of mechanism design theory.
A multi-agent system for distributed multi-project scheduling with two-stage decomposition
Later, Hurwitz developed the analytical framework of mechanism design theory, and which is used to analyze and compare a variety of economic systems, including not only all kinds of variants of socialism, including laissez-faire and other conditions . Incentives theory of team production which Alchian and Demsetz proposed is largely fill this gap.
Farm-out among employees can produce business productivity. In order to solve this problem, supervision is introduced, who is stimulated by giving residual claimant right . Holmstrom proves that lazy issues can be solved through appropriate incentives mechanism by mathematical model, such as, introducing deposit The amount equal marginal productivity minus wage , breaking the budget balance, setting up punish or incentive institution for supervisors and employees .
Ito researched incentive issues of team production from the opposite perspective. Ito studied how to design mechanisms so that team members can help each other. In addition, the formation of display principle and development of implementation theory has further deepened the mechanism design theory in the s.
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- 1. Introduction.
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Display principle greatly simplifies the analysis of mechanism design theory problems. After Gibbard proposed a direct display mechanism, Myerson extended it to a more general Bayesian Nash equilibrium, and pioneered research in the regulation theory and auction theory and others . Display principle does not address the problem of multiple equilibriums, form it Maskin came out of the implementation theory, the theory has been played an important role present in many research fields including social choice, incomplete contract .
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Foreign research on management mechanism often explores appropriate management mechanism combined with specific industry or specific issues. Gregory M. In the s, some Chinese scholars began to study management mechanism design theory, such as Sunshao Rong and Qinsheng Zhang. Qinsheng Zhang was based on systems engineering, and group decision-making and mechanism design theory, studied the issues of equal rights and responsibilities, information and incentive, complement and develop the Western theory of mechanism design.
Sunshao Rong and Qinsheng Zhang thought management mechanism is the mechanism of management system operation, the role of managers is to let people managed develop or move toward a certain state. People managed have some kind of spontaneous pursuit, which would be satisfied by achieving the goals what managers made. Designing management system is divided into four steps by them: the tendency analysis analysis the target pursue of people managed , returns analysis what managers provided are meet the needs of people managed , state analysis measure the performance of the people managed , the state and the return connection the people managed are paid based on performance.
Xuedong Li defines the concept, features, categories and design step of management mechanisms, thought that the mechanism can be seen as characteristics shown in the system structure and operating. Mechanism design is the requirement of the system of entities in order to realize functions of the system, which itself is a support for system function, and its implementation needs to support by the entity, which is implemented by the system structure and operation design. Hui Tian explored the mechanism of action and power systems enterprises dynamical system from the perspective of mechanics.
Domestic scholars have realized the importance of research management issues in the mechanism level, as lacking of normative research methods, there is no broad impact. So the next direction of our research is to study the enterprise management in mechanism level, to understand management problems in essence, and to solve the problem form the source. Journals by Subject. Journals by Title.