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Cambridge, England: Univ. Press, ; NY: Russell and Russell, Gould, T. Platonic Love. Gulley, N. Hill, David. Cambridge: Univ. Jewett, Robert. Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums Leiden: Brill, Louden, Robert B. Cambridge, Mass. Greek Religion. John Raffan. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard U. Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohnhammer, Translated by Margaret E. Pinder and Walter Burkert. Cyprus a major touchpoint ca controlled by Hittites yet a Greek culture]. Peter Bing. Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual. First Paperback Printing.
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The Cuisine of Sacrifice Among the Greeks. Paula Wissing. Chicago: University of Chicago, Diehle, Albrecht. The Theory of Will in Classical Antiquity.
Greek religion | Beliefs, History, & Facts | ecejyredagij.ml
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Edwards, Mark W. Johns Hopkins University Press, Ehnmark, Erland. The Idea of God in Homer. Uppsala, Erbse, H. Untersuchungen zur Funktion der Gotter im homerischen Epos. Berlin and New York, Evelyn-White , Ed. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica.
Farnell, L. Greek Hero-Cults and Ideas of Immortality. Oxford, Fischer, Norman.
Free Press, This is a Zen Buddhist's use of the story of the Odyssey as a metaphor for the journey of self-knowledge. It really is interesting, very pleasant and informative, if not exactly classical Homeric scholarship. Ford, Andrew. Homer: The Poetry of the Past. Frankel, H.
Early Greek Poetry and Philosophy. Hadas and J. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Javonovich, Garland, Robert. The Greek Way of Death. Ithaca, N. Girard, RenJ. Violence and the Sacred. Patrick Gregory.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Greene, William Chase. Gloucester, Mass: Peter Smith, Golden, Leon. Havelock, Eric A. Preface to Plato. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, Jaynes, Julian. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, Johnston, Sarah Iles. Jamison, Stephanie W. Jones, P. Karavites, Peter Panayiotis , with the collaboration of Thomas Wren. New York: E. Brill, From the later 6th century bce onward, myths and gods were subject to rational criticism on ethical or other grounds. To that end, each Greek polis had a series of public festivals throughout the year that were intended to ensure the aid of all the gods who were thus honoured.
They reminded the gods of services rendered and asked for a quid pro quo. Particularly during times of crises, the Greeks, like the Romans, were often willing to petition deities borrowed from other cultures. Greek religion as it is currently understood probably resulted from the mingling of religious beliefs and practices between the incoming Greek-speaking peoples who arrived from the north during the 2nd millennium bce and the indigenous inhabitants whom they called Pelasgi.
But there was also a Cretan sky god, whose birth and death were celebrated in rituals and myths quite different from those of the incomers. The incomers applied the name of Zeus to his Cretan counterpart. In addition, there was a tendency, fostered but not necessarily originated by Homer and Hesiod , for major Greek deities to be given a home on Mount Olympus. Once established there in a conspicuous position, the Olympians came to be identified with local deities and to be assigned as consorts to the local god or goddess.
An unintended consequence since the Greeks were monogamous was that Zeus in particular became markedly polygamous. Zeus already had a consort when he arrived in the Greek world and took Hera , herself a major goddess in Argos , as another. Hesiod used—or sometimes invented—the family links among the deities, traced out over several generations, to explain the origin and present condition of the universe.
At some date, Zeus and other deities were identified locally with heroes and heroines from the Homeric poems and called by such names as Zeus Agamemnon. The Pelasgian and the Greek strands of the religion of the Greeks can sometimes be disentangled, but the view held by some scholars that any belief related to fertility must be Pelasgian, on the grounds that the Pelasgi were agriculturalists while the Greeks were nomadic pastoralists and warriors, seems somewhat simplistic.