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Milestones: 1776–1783

In presenting the Loyalist perspective, the book makes clear their beliefs and arguments. It also, however, reproduces their biases and blind spots. These Loyalists were theorists, but also actors in the conflict, and so the polemical nature of some of their arguments should not be dismissed. As I read, I kept imagining Patriots like John Adams, John Jay, and John Witherspoon demanding to answer the arguments, and it should be remembered that these debates did have two well-argued sides.

So, for instance, the debate over Scripture remains a fascinating one to examine. Other recent scholarship by James Byrd has demonstrated extensive Patriot engagement with the problems of interpreting Romans 13 and I Peter 2, and they intentionally worked to do so in a consistent, faithful way. Frazer supports the Loyalist disinclination to resist, although he acknowledges that some Loyalists did recognize justifiable resistance at some point just not in the American conflict.

If so, resistance became a question of degree and prudence rather than being simply out of bounds. Moreover, many Patriots wrote extensively about where and when the right to resist became the right to cut ties with England—they were cognizant of the need to get this exact point right.

Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America

In discussing resistance, Loyalists had to reckon with a key event in British history: the Glorious Revolution of It was an example of resistance to a British monarch that led to his removal, and it was within recent memory. The Glorious Revolution had been justified as Protestant resistance to a tyrannical Catholic king. The debate over the Glorious Revolution therefore also points to the origins of the American Revolution in general.

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Contra many of the Loyalists and Frazer himself , Americans were not only motivated by the political thought of John Locke. Rather, they drew on a larger Anglo-American tradition of political thought. Their own reading of British constitutionalism allowed for the protection of rights, liberties, and property.

Furthermore, versions of republicanism were not new imports but part of a longer-term colonial outlook, as both Bernard Bailyn and Michael P. Winship have demonstrated.

Even so, God against the Revolution contributes much to our understanding of the break with England. It restores the Loyalists as thoughtful participants in the debate over the American future. By making their case strongly, Frazer forces readers to feel the weight of Loyalist appeals to Americans whose sympathies still lay strongly with Britain.

His account also serves powerfully to remind us of the competition and violence involved in the Revolution a point also made in a recent edited volume. The Loyalists suffered for their stances, and their Patriot opponents were not always high-minded or magnanimous. These costs have to be reckoned into the revolutionary experience. Finally, this book demonstrates that the Loyalists, not just the Patriots, were advancing a conception of liberty.

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  6. They emphasized how liberty was accomplished through legal and constitutional protections under a mixed regime of monarch and parliament, within a society oriented hierarchically. Although this differed from the liberty of the Patriots, it still partook of a longer-term emphasis on liberty in the Anglo-American world. Readers of God against the Revolution will thus meet Loyalists they should take seriously. Shirley is the orphaned survivor of an Indian attack in the Canadian West. A Mountie and his girlfriend take her in. Everybody suffers further Indian attacks and the Mountie is saved from At the turn of the century, Duke and Chester, two vaudeville performers, go to Alaska to make their fortune.

    On the ship to Skagway, they find a map to a secret gold mine, which had been The film version of the Broadway musical comedy of the same name. In the days leading up to July 4, , Continental Congressmen John Adams and Benjamin Franklin coerce Thomas Jefferson into writing the Declaration of Independence as a delaying tactic as they try to persuade the American colonies to support a resolution on independence.

    As George Washington sends depressing messages describing one military disaster after another, the businessmen, landowners and slave holders in Congress all stand in the way of the Declaration, and a single "nay" vote will forever end the question of independence. Large portions of spoken and sung dialog are taken directly from the letters and memoirs of the actual participants.

    The musical centers on soon to be second President, John Adams, who according to this musical was a tireless but obnoxious advocate for the thirteen colonies independence from Great Britain and it was his zeal for this cause that led him to being central to the creation of the Declaration of Independence.

    William Daniels brilliantly recreates his Tony-winning Broadway role as John Adams, the restless and ever-vocal spokesperson for Independence who would not be silenced. Virginia Vestoff also recreates her Broadway role as Abigail Adams, John's wife who is presented as communicating with John through letters brought to life.

    The American Revolution

    One number, "Cool Considerate Men" was cut during the film's original release but has been restored to some prints. If you're a musical comedy fan with an open mind willing to experience something a little different, give this treasure a try. Enjoy a night in with these popular movies available to stream now with Prime Video. Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet! IMDb More. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.

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      McCullough writes with obvious warmth about flinty New Englanders. His portrait of the Virginian who led them is much more ambivalent. Washington emerges as courageous, indefatigable, a born leader, a military bumbler and a patrician whose trappings rivaled those of the English gentry. Fighting for the "glorious Cause" of liberty and equality, "His Excellency" quartered himself in the finest manses of Cambridge and Manhattan, with slaves, a French cook and a tailor in tow.

      Frustrated by his inability to discipline Yankee troops, he micromanaged the expansion of Mount Vernon from afar, fretting about parlor wainscoting on the eve of battle.

      1776: the year of American independence

      More gravely, Washington didn't have a clue about strategy or tactics, and had to be rescued from his reckless plans by subordinates. McCullough bluntly terms him "indecisive and inept" as a battle commander, but praises his perseverance and cleareyed recognition of his own and his army's faults. Washington also showed a talent for night actions often in retreat and a capacity to learn from his mistakes.

      It's a miracle the Continental Army survived so many early debacles to fight another day. At several points, fog and storms saved the rebels from imminent disaster. British generals, who often likened the war to a fox hunt, failed to "bag" Washington and his army when they had the chance. The British also misjudged the resolve of America's "rabble in arms. That it didn't is due largely to the resilience of America's "citizen soldiers," most of them farmers and artisans accustomed to labor and hardship. In "," as in "John Adams," McCullough vividly evokes the rustic ingenuity of 18th-century colonial life.

      Rebels encircling Boston cloaked their advance with hay bales, and fortified their hilltop redoubt with barrels of stone and sand to roll down on the British.