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The Association for Suppliers of Printing, Publishing and Converting Technologies NPES The print industry is being disrupted by new technologies and trends putting pressure on the demand for print media. Subscription services. Forecasting for a household fast-moving consumer goods brand This client already had a significant presence within China but came to us to find out the next group of cities and provinces that offered the best growth potential for the next decade.

Hospital investment due diligence The client, a leading private equity investor in Asia Pacific, was considering investment into an Indonesian hospital group.

Best Practice Manual for Power Generation and Transport, Economics and Trade

Market share, size and competitor study The client, a global player in in-vitro diagnostics, required annual market monitoring of its market size, share and competitors to better benchmark its performance and evolve its market strategy across 14 markets globally. Follow us. Our offices North America 4. Chicago, USA N. Latin America Brazil Av. Mahmut Esat, Cad. Customers pay off their home solar systems in monthly installations via their mobile phones while Mobisol guarantees a one-year warranty for lights and 20 years for the solar panels. The contract also includes free servicing by qualified technicians during the duration of the warranty.

Off-Grid Electric. It utilizes distributed solar to sell power as a service to customers who suffer from an expensive grid, an unreliable grid, or have no grid access at all. It does this through an innovative approach whereby customers pre-pay for electrical services using mobile money. Once customers pre-pay they are sent secure unlock codes via their phones.

Consumers do not buy or finance the systems; they merely pay for the services. Application of solar power technology in Tanzania at large scale is not well established. However, in this update solar power was considered, with a potential to undertake pilot project before engaging many players.

This is done by providing a financial incentive to import-suppliers and a bonus product to retailers, upon verified sale of Lighting Africa approved pico-solar products. Implementation of the project will start in The Tanzania:Best Practice Case Studies Uzi solar PV project started with baseline data collection on existing energy options, analysis of average household energy demands and feasible power options for the island.

Solar PV system happened to be more relevant for the island. Fifty households were identified to participate in a pilot project. These households were divided into groups of 5 and each group provided with a Wp solar PV module, a 10 A charge controller and an inverter. The households were responsible for buying their individual batteries. The houses were supposed to be within metres from the selected central household where the module was installed. Each household was designated one day per week to charge its battery and return to connect it to his household circuit.

The energy in the battery was enough to take them through out the week.

Economic Evaluation of Projects in Electric supply Industry Khatib.pdf

For customers with televisions, they are allowed to charge two days a week [11]. For more information on the impacts and benefits of the project, click here. Over the years the power sector of Tanzania has been dominated by hydropower. However, poor rains in the past few years resulted in a shortage of water to the turbine generating electricity.

This was further aggravated by agricultural activities that were going on upstream. As such, Tanzania embarked on a deliberated measure to forge an energy mix which will ensure reliable availability of power for the economy. This deliberate measure involves promotion of increased use of renewable energy technologies solar, wind, biomass, wastes, micro hydro , natural gas and other locally available energy sources including coal and geothermal. Estimated total hydro potential in Tanzania is MW. By end of installed hydro power was MW. A list of existing hydropower plants can be found in table 1.

Table 1: Hydropower plants in Tanzania as of June For a list of existing hydro plants in Tanzania, click here. There are also about 4. Studies also taking into account economic aspects highlight a variety of sites that could produce electricity at competitive cost to supply power to the national grid and through mini-grids to villages in the community. The vast majority of Tanzanians rely on biomass for energy consumption; mostly in the form of fuelwood or charcoal that is used for cooking and heating. BEST Tanzania, In rural areas, firewood is mostly used for cooking.

The wood is either collected by household members, or bought at local markets. In urban areas, many households use charcoal sometimes in combination with other fuels for cooking. Charcoal demand has nearly doubled over the past 10 years, due to high urbanisation and high perceived prices of other cooking fuels like LPG or electricity BEST Tanzania, The charcoal supply chain is providing income and employment to many in production, transportation, retail and sales.

According to the FAO, the total forest cover of Tanzania was This decrease in forest cover is partly due to demand for woodfuels, along with expansion of agricultural land. Combustion of biomass for cooking also leads to emission of CO2 which contributes to climate change. Apart from the environmental impacts of biomass energy use, there are economic impacts on household spending. Biomass energy alone accounts for In recent years, more emphasize has been placed on the health impacts resulting from unsustainable ways of using biomass for cooking.

Smoke and fumes from traditional cooking practices produce CO and particulate matter PM. These substances cause serious respiratory illnesses, specifically among women and children who are mostly involved in cooking in Tanzania. Some initiatives in the biomass energy sector include [1] :. Biofuels are liquid or gaseous fuels produced from biomass that are generally high in sugar such as sugarcane, sugarbeet, sweet sorghum , starch such as corn and cassava or oils such as soybeans, rapeseed, coconut, sunflowers, and palms.

The two most commonly used biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Biofuels are mostly used as a transportation fuel. Gel based biofuels can be used for cooking. There is potential for the sugar sector in Tanzania to produce ethanol or ethanol gel as a cooking fuel that could serve as a replacement for kerosene or charcoal. TaTEDO examined these options. As of , wind resource assessment was on-going in Tanzania. Most of the wind data recorded between the s and s is not reliable for electricity generation due to a number of factors including unsuitable locations airports and height of data recording equipment 1.

Other sources of wind data were the agricultural research centres and water departments which also recorded wind data at about 2m height. It is expected that with the eastern coastline about km with the Indian Ocean, some promising wind speeds for energy production are possible. Areas along rift valleys, southern highlands and along Lake Victoria are reported to have some possibilities of potential wind sites.

According to Climatological statistics for East Africa given by the East Africa Meteorological Department in September , the annual average wind speeds vary from 2. The data shows the mean wind speeds to be; for Tanga 6. Others are Lindi 4. On-going wind studies in the country with consideration of surface roughness at measuring sites and heights in excess of 30 m high, have already revealed some more potential sites for wind farms in Tanzania [1]. Available data is mostly from 10 m masts of Tanzania Meteorological Agency stations, and much of it is not suitable for predicting output of wind farms.

Other areas with wind speed in excess of 4. As of June , there was no grid connected wind system in Tanzania and two known projects of over 50 MW in planning stages. At least wind-pumping systems have been installed by missionary projects, communities and private individuals.

There is a lack of comprehensive data about wind resources in Tanzania, and any developer of projects or seller of wind equipment will need to focus on gathering quality data.

  1. BOOK-Economic Evaluation of Projects in the Electricity Supply Industry-3rd Edition?
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  6. Account Options.
  7. For information on challenges and issues affecting the exploitation of wind energy in Tanzania, click here. In , Tanzania exploited 21, TJ of natural gas and 90 kt of coal. The main consumer of oil products is the transport sector. A km gas pipeline from Songo Songo Island to Dar es salaam has been constructed and is supplying natural gas for power generation and other industrial thermal processes.

    In particular in cities the LPG sector is growing; for instance in Kinondoni Municipality of Dar City, where mostly middle class families live, gas kiosks can be found less than a kilometre from each other. Tanzania coal reserves are estimated at about 1, million tonnes of which million tones are proven.

    Main coal reserves are at Kiwira, Mchuchuma and Katewaka.

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    Some coal from Kiwira is used to generate about 6 MW of electricity, it is also used in industries like cement and textile for heat processes. Opportunities exist to promote use of clean coal briquettes for cooking in public institutions and households as a possible substitute to biomass fuels.

    The Government of Tanzania is strategizing the option to generate electricity using Mchuchuma coal in collaboration with private sector. The Chemi chemi group women in Bitale village and many other rural communities in Kigoma region spend a considerable time and energy to process palm oil from palm fruits. After a baseline study, awareness campaigns were staged in the village on various energy options including Multifunctional Platforms MFP to support their activities. The women group expressed a desire for a MFP. The MFP is a power tiller which is able to till land, carries farm produce, does milling, pumps water and can generate electricity.

    Other separate units for cracking palm nuts and palm oil processing including sterilization and clarification are also available. Provision of the units was followed by capacity building i. Source: Country Information Tanzania, [18]. The funds are coming from Tanzania's budget, from foreign donors, levies from electricity production and other levies as well as interest rates and returns [19]. The Company generates, transmits, distributes and sells electricity to Tanzania Mainland and sells bulk power to the Zanzibar Electricity Corporation ZECO which in turn sells it to the public on the islands of Unguja and Pemba.

    The company operates a number of hydro power plants, all of which are listed in the table in the 'Hydro Power' section of Tanzania Energy Situation wiki. The Chloride Exide Ltd is a long-serving company in the energy sector that supply solar batteries and other equipment. The company imports the needed components and installs them according to customer needs. Sahara and The Kisangani Smith Group are active in the efficient stoves market.

    Several national and international development organisations and NGOs are active in the renewable energy sector in Tanzania. In this sub-section, a list of some of the main development organisations is given, as well as a short description of the services they deliver.