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Abstract The work presented here investigates the phenomenon of shock wave propagation in gas continuous, two-phase media. Liu, James Chien-Chih. Experimental and numerical investigation of shock wave propagation through complex geometry, gas continuous, two-phase media. United States: N.

Copy to clipboard. United States. The simulations were performed by D. Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Sci Rep. Published online Jul Wood , 1 D.


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Chapman , 2 K. Poder , 1 N. Lopes , 1, 3 M. Rutherford , 2, 4 T. White , 5 F. Albert , 6 K. Behm , 7 N. Booth , 8 J. Bryant , 1 P. Foster , 8 S. Glenzer , 9 E. Hill , 10 K. Krushelnick , 7 Z. Najmudin , 1 B. Pollock , 6 S. Rose , 10 W. Schumaker , 9 R. Scott , 8 M. Sherlock , 10 A. Thomas , 7 Z. Zhao , 7 D. Eakins , 2, 4 and S. Mangles 1. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Wood, Email: ku. Corresponding author.

Received Feb 14; Accepted Jul 9. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Associated Data Data Availability Statement The authors confirm that all of the data used in this study are available without restriction. Abstract Betatron radiation from laser wakefield accelerators is an ultrashort pulsed source of hard, synchrotron-like x-ray radiation. Introduction Understanding the behaviour of materials in extreme states of pressure and temperature is fundamental to multiple fields of study, from condensed matter to meteorite impacts 1 , 2 , behaviour in planetary cores 3 , or material failure mechanisms 4 , 5.

Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Radiation Hydrodynamics Simulations of the Interaction The measurements of the shock front and drive surface positions of the silicon sample without an ablator layer were compared to radiation-hydrodynamics simulations that were performed in the 1D hydrocode HYADES 41 see Methods section for further details. Figure 4. Figure 5. Discussion It has been shown that betatron radiation from a LWFA is an effective source for imaging rapidly evolving phenomena.

Plasma Target The target was a variable length gas cell with few-hundred micrometre conical apertures at the ends. Figure 6. Figure 7. Data Availability The authors confirm that all of the data used in this study are available without restriction. Acknowledgements The authors thank the laser, engineering and target fabrication staff at the Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory for their hard work.

Author Contributions The experiment was conceived by S. Notes Competing Interests The authors declare no competing interests. Footnotes Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. References 1. Melosh HJ. Impact ejection, spallation, and the origin of meteorites. Trepmann CA. Shock effects in quartz: Compression versus shear deformation - An example from the Rochechouart impact structure, France.

Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Kanatzidis MG, et al. Hudspeth M, et al. Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials. Ramos KJ, et al. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Laser interferometer for measuring high velocities of any reflecting surface. Journal of Applied Physics.

Jensen, B. Ultrafast, high resolution, phase contrast imaging of impact response with synchrotron radiation. AIP Advances 2 Jensen BJ, et al. Impact system for ultrafast synchrotron experiments. Review of Scientific Instruments. Ackermann W, et al. Operation of a free-electron laser from the extreme ultraviolet to the water window. Fletcher LB, et al. Ultrabright X-ray laser scattering for dynamic warm dense matter physics. Leemans WP, et al. GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator. Nature Physics. Kneip S, et al. Physical Review Letters.

Clayton C, et al. Kim HT, et al. Wang, X. Nature Communications 4 Lundh O, et al. Few femtosecond, few kiloampere electron bunch produced by a laser plasma accelerator. Brunetti E, et al. Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator.

Pukhov A. Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime. Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics. Rousse A, et al. Bright spatially coherent synchrotron X-rays from a table-top source. Mangles SPD, et al. Laser-wakefield acceleration of monoenergetic electron beams in the first plasma-wave period. Ta Phuoc K, et al. X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator.

Applied Physics Letters. Figure 4. Figure 5. Discussion It has been shown that betatron radiation from a LWFA is an effective source for imaging rapidly evolving phenomena. Plasma Target The target was a variable length gas cell with few-hundred micrometre conical apertures at the ends. Figure 6. Figure 7. Data Availability The authors confirm that all of the data used in this study are available without restriction. Acknowledgements The authors thank the laser, engineering and target fabrication staff at the Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory for their hard work.

Author Contributions The experiment was conceived by S. Notes Competing Interests The authors declare no competing interests. Footnotes Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. References 1. Melosh HJ. Impact ejection, spallation, and the origin of meteorites. Trepmann CA. Shock effects in quartz: Compression versus shear deformation - An example from the Rochechouart impact structure, France. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Kanatzidis MG, et al. Hudspeth M, et al. Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials. Ramos KJ, et al. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Laser interferometer for measuring high velocities of any reflecting surface. Journal of Applied Physics.

Dissertations & Theses from 2018

Jensen, B. Ultrafast, high resolution, phase contrast imaging of impact response with synchrotron radiation. AIP Advances 2 Jensen BJ, et al. Impact system for ultrafast synchrotron experiments.

Review of Scientific Instruments. Ackermann W, et al. Operation of a free-electron laser from the extreme ultraviolet to the water window. Fletcher LB, et al. Ultrabright X-ray laser scattering for dynamic warm dense matter physics. Leemans WP, et al.


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GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator. Nature Physics. Kneip S, et al. Physical Review Letters. Clayton C, et al. Kim HT, et al. Wang, X. Nature Communications 4 Lundh O, et al. Few femtosecond, few kiloampere electron bunch produced by a laser plasma accelerator. Brunetti E, et al. Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator.

Pukhov A. Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime.

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Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics. Rousse A, et al. Bright spatially coherent synchrotron X-rays from a table-top source. Mangles SPD, et al. Laser-wakefield acceleration of monoenergetic electron beams in the first plasma-wave period. Ta Phuoc K, et al. X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator.

Applied Physics Letters. Fourmaux S, et al. Single shot phase contrast imaging using laser-produced Betatron x-ray beams. Optics letters. Wenz J, et al. Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source. Nature Communications. Cole JM, et al. Laser-wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone.


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Scientific Reports. Yan W, et al. Concurrence of monoenergetic electron beams and bright X-rays from an evolving laser-plasma bubble. Schropp A, et al. Rutherford ME, et al. Probing the early stages of shock-induced chondritic meteorite formation at the mesoscale. Synchrotron radiation from electron beams in plasma-focusing channels. Physical Review E. Demonstration of the synchrotron-type spectrum of laser-produced Betatron radiation. New Journal of Physics.

Blast wave - Wikipedia

Jackson, J. Yeager JD, et al. High-speed synchrotron X-ray phase contrast imaging for analysis of low-Z composite microstructure. Properties of plastic ablators in laser-driven material dynamics experiments. Weeks, A. Fundamentals of Electronic Image Processing. Reduction of shear strength and phase-transition in shock-loaded silicon. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. Bolme, C. Single shot Hugoniot of cyclohexane using a spatially resolved laser driven shock wave. Applied Physics Letters 93 Hyades—a plasma hydrodynamics code for dense plasma studies.

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer. Strickson O, Artacho E.

Blast wave

Ab initio calculation of the shock Hugoniot of bulk silicon. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Axial yield strengths and two successive phase transition stresses for crystalline silicon. Inelastic deformation and phase transformation of shock compressed silicon single crystals. Workman, J. High-energy, high-resolution x-ray imaging on the Trident short-pulse laser facility. Review of Scientific Instruments 79 Brambrink, E. X-ray source studies for radiography of dense matter.