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First Steps In Winemaking

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All listings filter applied. Buy it now. Condition see all Condition. New Used For many years, men and women did this manually by stomping the grapes with their feet.

First steps of wine making

Nowadays, most wine makers perform this mechanically. Mechanical presses stomp or trod the grapes into what is called must. Must is simply freshly pressed grape juice that contains the skins, seeds, and solids. Mechanical pressing has brought tremendous sanitary gain as well as increased the longevity and quality of the wine.

1st Steps in Winemaking by C. J. J. Berry | | Booktopia

For white wine, the wine maker will quickly crush and press the grapes in order to separate the juice from the skins, seeds, and solids. This is to prevent unwanted color and tannins from leaching into the wine.

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Red wine, on the other hand, is left in contact with the skins to acquire flavor, color, and additional tannins. After crushing and pressing, fermentation comes into play. Must or juice can begin fermenting naturally within hours when aided with wild yeasts in the air. However, many wine makers intervene and add a commercial cultured yeast to ensure consistency and predict the end result.


Fermentation continues until all of the sugar is converted into alcohol and dry wine is produced. To create a sweet wine, wine makers will sometimes stop the process before all of the sugar is converted. Fermentation can take anywhere from 10 days to one month or more. Once fermentation is complete, clarification begins. Clarification is the process in which solids such as dead yeast cells, tannins, and proteins are removed.

Wine can then be clarified through fining or filtration.

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Fining occurs when substances are added to the wine to clarify it. For example, a wine maker might add a substance such as clay that the unwanted particles will adhere to. This will force them to the bottom of the tank. Filtration occurs by using a filter to capture the larger particles in the wine. The clarified wine is then racked into another vessel and prepared for bottling or future aging. Aging and bottling is the final stage of the wine making process. A wine maker has two options: bottle the wine right away or give the wine additional aging.

1st Steps in Winemaking

Further aging can be done in the bottles, stainless steel tanks, or oak barrels. Aging the wine in oak barrels will produce a smoother, rounder, and more vanilla flavored wine. Steel tanks are commonly used for zesty white wines. Thank you for the brief explanation on wine production.

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I have a comment its more like a question what is the actual effect of aging the wine and when its bottled because its not exposed to oxygen can it be said that its aging? Also does the wine get bad or posses bad test upon time and also are there any preservatives added to prevent this? Again thank you, looking forward for your reply. Hi Rahel, We use only natural cork at Laurel Gray.

This allows the wine to slowly age by letting a very small amount of oxygen into the bottle. That is why a dry red wine always improves after time in bottle, as long as the producer used natural cork, which is much more expensive than synthetic cork or a screw cap. Depends on how dry and tannic the wine is when completed. A nice rich dry red with substantial tannins should be better after a few years in the bottle and may very well be at its best after 10 or 15 years or possible even longer.

If your wine is a red that is lighter, a lower alcohol, with less tannins it is meant to be enjoyed young, so drink it within 5 years.

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  4. If the red wine has residual sugar drink it within one year. No, if you close it airtight you will stop the release of gas that the yeast produces when it eats sugar. I would get some of the best wine ever from a friend who has since passed away and would like to try making my own. He would order several different grape juices from the winery and make his wine from their juice. Can you tell me how this effects the instructions you provided here?

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