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Application of geodetic detectors to the search for aseismic transients across southern California. We will use the CGM as the time-dependent geodetic reference frame for detecting geodetic anomalies. Collaboration with rock mechanics laboratories on laboratory experiments to understand the mechanisms of slow slip and tremor. Development of physics-based models of slow slip and tectonic tremor. We will constrain these models using features of tremor occurrence and its relationship to seismicity, geodetic deformation, and tectonic environment, as well as laboratory data.

Use of physics-based models to understand how slow slip events and tremor activity affect earthquake probabilities in Southern California. We will extend current methods of full-3D tomography to include ambient-noise data and to estimate seismic attenuation, and we will develop methods for estimating and representing CVM uncertainties. Modeling of earthquake ruptures that includes realistic dynamic weakening mechanisms, off-fault non-elastic deformation, and is constrained by source inversions.

Books Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics Seismic Design ecejyredagij.ml

The priority is to produce physically consistent rupture models for broadband ground motion simulations of hazard-scale ruptures, such as ruptures envisioned in UCERF3. An important issue is how to treat multiscale processes; for example, might off-fault plasticity regularize the Lorentzian scale collapse associated with strong dynamic weakening? If not, how might adaptive meshing strategies be most effectively used to make full-physics simulations feasible?

We will test the stochastic models with seismic and borehole logging data and evaluate their transportability to regions of comparable geology. Measurement of earthquakes with unprecedented station density using emerging sensor technologies e.

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Collaboration with the engineering community in validation of ground motion simulations. We will establish confidence in the simulation-based predictions by continuing to work with engineers in validating the simulations against empirical attenuation models and exploring coherency and other standard engineering measures of ground motion properties. The research objectives outlined below are priorities for SCEC3. They carry the expectation of substantial and measurable success during the coming year.

In this context, success includes progress in building or maintaining a sustained effort to reach a long-term goal. There are four major research areas with the headings A, B, C and D with subheadings given by numbers. The front page of the proposal should specifically identify subheadings that will be addressed by the proposed research. Define slip rates and earthquake history of southern San Andreas Fault system for the last years.


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Develop a system-level deformation and stress-evolution model. Statistical analysis and mapping of seismicity and source parameters with an emphasis on their relation to known faults. Develop a geodetic network processing system that will detect anomalous strain transients.


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Test scientific prediction hypotheses against reference models to understand the physical basis of earthquake predictability. Determine the origin, evolution and implications of on- and off-fault damage. Assess predictability of rupture extent and direction on major faults. Develop statistical descriptions of heterogeneities e. Constrain absolute stress and understand the nature of interaction between the faulted upper crust, the ductile crust and mantle, and how geologic history helps to resolve the current physical properties of the system.

Predict broadband ground motions for a comprehensive set of large scenario earthquakes. Develop kinematic and dynamic rupture representations consistent with seismic, geodetic, and geologic observations. Develop high-frequency simulation methods and investigate the upper frequency limit of deterministic ground-motion predictions.

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics, Volume 94

Validate ground-motion simulations and verify simulation methodologies. Improve our understanding of site effects and develop methodologies to include these effects in broadband ground-motion simulations. Collaborate with earthquake engineers to develop rupture-to-rafters simulation capability for physics-based risk analysis. Improve and develop community products data or descriptions that can be used in system-level models for the forecasting of seismic hazard.

Proposals for such activities should show how they would significantly contribute to one or more of the numbered goals in A or B. Prepare post-earthquake response strategies. Some of the most important earthquake data are gathered during and immediately after a major earthquake.

Exposures of fault rupture are erased quickly by human activity, aftershocks decay rapidly within days and weeks, and post-seismic slip decays exponentially. SCEC solicits proposals to improve coordination and rapid data processing that will allow for rapid determination of source parameters, maps, and other characteristics of the source and ground motion patterns, to develop plans for use of simulations in post-earthquake response for evaluation of short-term earthquake behavior and seismic hazards, and to improve the SCEC post-earthquake response plan.

Request Interview. Skip to main content. Log In Register. How are faults loaded across temporal and spatial scales? Stress transfer from plate motion to crustal faults: long-term fault slip rates 1a. Stress-mediated fault interactions and earthquake clustering: evaluation of mechanisms 2a. Evolution of fault resistance during seismic slip: scale-appropriate laws for rupture modeling 3a.

Structure and evolution of fault zones and systems: relation to earthquake physics 4a. Causes and effects of transient deformations: slow slip events and tectonic tremor 5a. Seismic wave generation and scattering: prediction of strong ground motions 6a. Develop an extended earthquake rupture forecast to drive physics-based SHA A1. Define slip rates and earthquake history of southern San Andreas Fault system for the last years A2. Develop a system-level deformation and stress-evolution model A4.

Statistical analysis and mapping of seismicity and source parameters with an emphasis on their relation to known faults A5. Develop a geodetic network processing system that will detect anomalous strain transients A6.


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Test scientific prediction hypotheses against reference models to understand the physical basis of earthquake predictability A7. Determine the origin, evolution and implications of on- and off-fault damage A8. Test hypotheses for dynamic fault weakening A9. Assess predictability of rupture extent and direction on major faults A Predict broadband ground motions for a comprehensive set of large scenario earthquakes B1.

Investigate bounds on the upper limit of ground motion.

New earthquake sensor deployment by UC San Diego and UNAVCO near Anza, CA (2010 video)

Develop high-frequency simulation methods and investigate the upper frequency limit of deterministic ground-motion predictions B4. Proposals for such activities should show how they would significantly contribute to one or more of the numbered goals in A or B D. SCEC5 Priorities SCEC4 Priorities Holdsworth and S. Smith Chapter 5. Di Toro.

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Pennacchioni and S. Nielsen Chapter 6. Marone, M. Cocco, E. Richardson and E. Tinti Chapter 7. Tinti, C. Marone and A. Piatanesi Chapter 8. Yamashita Chapter 9. Tada Chapter See All Customer Reviews. Shop Textbooks. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist.

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USD Ship This Item — This item is available online through Marketplace sellers. Temporarily Out of Stock Online Please check back later for updated availability. Overview The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. Product Details Table of Contents. Show More. Average Review.

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