In the past year:. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia BPH An increase in the size of the prostate often associated with significant urinary problems. Hydrocele A pathological accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy A minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure involving four small incisions made in the abdomen used to remove the entire prostate for treatment of prostate cancer.
Lithotripsy The physical destruction of gallstones or kidney stones. Nephrectomy A nephrectomy is surgery to remove a kidney or part of a kidney. In a partial nephrectomy, part of one kidney or a tumor is removed, but not an entire kidney. In a simple nephrectomy, one kidney is removed. In a radical nephrectomy, an entire kidney, nearby adrenal gland and lymph nodes, and other surrounding tissue are removed. Five years of postgraduate education are required.
The ABU mandates a minimum of five clinical years of postgraduate medical training. The training must include:. As part of the core urology training, the candidate must have completed at least 12 months as a chief resident in urology with the appropriate clinical responsibility and under supervision in institutions that are part of an ACGME-approved program. The final 12 months of the urology educational program must be spent as a chief resident with appropriate clinical responsibility under supervision in institutions that are an approved part of the program.
Urology is a surgical specialty with a wide spectrum of opportunities, ranging from office practice to minimally invasive endoscopies to major open surgical procedures. This variety is a particularly attractive feature for practicing urologists. Urologists are the prime caretakers of the male genitourinary tract and the female urinary tract and operate on the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate, urethra, testes, etc.
Furthermore, for many patients with prostate disease, kidney stones nephrolithiasis , and incontinence, urologists are the primary physicians. Most urologists in private practice will see between 50 and patients weekly and perform additional cystoscopies, prostate biopsies, vasectomies, and other minor office procedures. They will also perform a range of major surgical procedures including nephrectomy and transurethral resection of prostate TURP in the hospital.
This procedure is done to remove the skin from the tip of the penis, for cultural, religious, or medical reasons. A vasectomy, a permanent form of male contraception , is also carried out by a urologist. As with any medical professional, it is essential to find a urologist who is qualified and accredited.
You should also find someone is easy for you to communicate with, especially if treatment will be ongoing. In the United States U. It is also important to check that your insurance provider will cover the cost of visiting the urologist of your choice, and of the treatment you may need.
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Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Fri 19 May All references are available in the References tab. Bladder cancer: treatment options. Erectile dysfunction. Prostate enlargement benign prostatis hyperplasia. What is a urologist?
Why urology? Zarrabi, A. The evolution of lasers in urology.
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What can I expect? Common procedures How do I find a urologist? A urologist will help with medical situations concerning the urinary tract.