Challenges remain in diverse aspects such as oil spill monitoring, analysis, assessment, contingency planning, response, cleanup, and decision support.
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As part of this initiative, two contractors were selected to conduct the clean-up, overseen by an independent project director. After two years of significant engagement with the Bodo community and other stakeholders, managed by the Bodo Mediation Initiative, the first phase of clean-up activities started in September The clean-up consists of three phases: removal of free-phase surface oil; remediation of soil; and planting of mangroves and monitoring.
The first phase was completed in August and the preparation for phase two has commenced.
We saw further progress in with vital clean-up work in Bodo, an area affected by oil spills from various sources, entering its next phase. Should activities continue uninterrupted, phase two remediation of soil is expected to take around two years. However, for it to be successful, the repeated re-contamination of cleaned-up sites from illegal third-party activities such as crude oil theft and illegal refining, must stop.
Over the last seven years, SPDC has taken action on all, and completed most, of the UNEP recommendations addressed specifically to it as operator of the joint venture. HYPREP has issued contract award letters for phased remediation activities and is aiming for contractors to be in place at sites in early The increase in can in part be explained by increased availability of our production facilities following the repair of a major export line in Since , SPDC has removed more than 1, illegal theft points.
Oil Spills First Principles: Prevention and Best Response
The volume of oil spilled in operational incidents also increased to around 0. The number of sabotage-related spills in over kilograms increased to from 62 in The increase can in part be explained by increased availability of our production facilities following the repair of a major export line in ; crude theft activities in a pre-election year; and the price of crude oil and refined products that is seen as an opportunity for more illegal refining.
At the beginning of , sites required remediation. During the year, sites were remediated and 46 certified, while new sites requiring remediation were identified.