Future research could be conducted to investigate further evidence of validity by comparing this tool with other measurements of critical thinking and active learning and by evaluating the educational impact. Research in other settings, such as other medical schools and countries with different cultures and different PBL process will provide more information about the broader utility of the self-assessments tool. The development and the validation process of the SSACT provides evidence regarding its internal structure, which was investigated through its factorial validity, scale stability and internal consistency.
The two factors underlying this scale, active learning and critical thinking, were important skills that should be central to a PBL tutorial. Implementation of this self-assessment scale in a PBL tutorial may contribute to guiding students to achieve the essential outcomes of the PBL method and may stimulate them to become self-regulated learners. The authors would like to thank all the students and tutors at the Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Indonesia who participated in this study. The authors also would like to express our gratitude to all those experts in Indonesia and Australia who reviewed the content of the SSACT in the scale development process.
Competing of interests. UK conceived the study and led in, the design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of the research supported by CR, CJ and CV. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Umatul Khoiriyah, Phone: 62 , Email: moc.
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Chris Roberts, Email: ua. Christine Jorm, Email: ua. Van der Vleuten, Email: ln. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. BMC Med Educ.
Published online Aug Van der Vleuten 4. Van der Vleuten. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Received Mar 7; Accepted Aug This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Problem based learning PBL is a powerful learning activity but fidelity to intended models may slip and student engagement wane, negatively impacting learning processes, and outcomes.
Methods We used a mixed methods approach to scale development. Background Problem Based Learning PBL is a learner-centred method, which has been implemented in many medical programs worldwide for over four decades. Methods The development of the SSACT consisted of three stages namely; 1 scale construction 2 scale validation and 3 investigation of scale stability see Fig. Open in a separate window. Table 3 Multi-group analysis of Group 1 and Group 2 for the measurement invariance.
The two-factor model of the self-assessment tool in the PBL tutorial. Table 1 The fit indices for the one and two-factor models from Group 2 data. Table 2 Number of items, number of students, mean, standard deviation and the Cronbach alpha for each factor and the scale from Group 2 data. Scale stability The result of the multi group analysis across Group 1 and Group 2 indicated that the base line model, a two-factor model with 14 items had acceptable fit indices.
Discussion This paper has provided evidence of the validity of the SSACT by demonstrating its content validity, and its internal structure. Active Learning 2 I applied various learning strategies during independent study. Critical Thinking 8 I communicated my ideas clearly. Strengths and weaknesses of the research The strength of this study is that we applied a number of complementary strategies in developing the tool.
Implications and future research Students could use this tool to guide their learning in several ways. Conclusion The development and the validation process of the SSACT provides evidence regarding its internal structure, which was investigated through its factorial validity, scale stability and internal consistency. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank all the students and tutors at the Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Indonesia who participated in this study. Footnotes Competing of interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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Enhancing Thinking Through Problem-based Learning Approaches: International - Google книги
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How Do We Know That PBL Works?
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Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus alternative. Structural Equation Model.
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Referring to the area of media literacy, students nowadays are more likely to have access to a variety of information and publish their ideas; cultivating media literacy quality and skills thus takes on heightened significance. This requires critical thinking which encompasses knowledge and capabilities for achieving understanding, making appropriate judgement, and taking meaningful action, as well as a pedagogical approach to activating learning.
The literature suggests that constructivist problembased learning PBL has the potential for enhancing critical thinking theoretically; empirically, studies in different disciplines argue for the importance of strategic implementation and supportive facilitation. Thirty-five Taiwanese undergraduates from an Applied English Department in Southern Taiwan participated in this research. It was found that the learning journey was explicitly transformative and troublesome, while the integrative, bounded and irreversible characteristics of a threshold concept emerged during the research process.
The data from this study were combined with existing research relating to critical thinking and the pedagogical implications of PBL to develop a reflexive framework for future practice. Social bookmarking:. A-Z Index Accessibility.